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Indian History Questions for Bihar Government Jobs

These Indian History Questions are Previous year Asked Questions in various Government Jobs of Rajasthan Government Jobs, Delhi Government Jobs, Haryana Government Jobs, Uttar Pradesh Government Jobs, Bihar Government Jobs, Jharkhand Government Jobs, West Bengal Government Jobs, Sikkim Government Jobs, Chattishgarh Government Jobs, Madhya Pradesh Government Jobs, Punjab Government Jobs, Uttarakhand Government Jobs, Himachal Pradesh Government Jobs, Maharashtra Government Jobs, Gujarat Government Jobs, Assam Government Jobs

1. Satvahanas minted their coins
predominantly in
(1) Lead (2) Silver
(3) Gold (4) Copper

2. The headquarters of the Ghadar
Party was at
(1) Karachi (2) Moscow
(3) Berlin (4) San Francisco

3. Where did Lord Budha breathe
his last ?
(1) Bodh Gaye (2) Sarnath
(3) Kushinagar (4) Varanasi

4. Fa-hien visited India during the
reign of
(1) Chandragupta II
(2) Samudragupta
(3) Ramagupta
(4) Kumaragupta

5. Mention the place where Buddha
attained enlighten-ment.
(1) Sarnath (2) Bodh Gaya
(3) Kapilavastu (4)Rajgriha

6. The Greek ambassador sent to
Chandragupta Maurya’s Court
was :
(1) Kautilya
(2) Seleucus Nicator
(3) Megasthenes
(4) Justin

7. Hiuen Tsang visited India during
the reign of
(1) Chandragupta I
(2) Chandragupta II
(3) Harshavardhana
(4) Rudradaman

8. Which one of the following was
the last Buddhist text produced
In India ?
(1) Divya Vandana,
(2) Dohakosa
(3) Vajrachedika
(4) Vamsathapakasini

9. Arthasastra was written by
(1) Dhanananda (2) Kautilya
(3) Bimbisara (4)Pushyamitra

10. Worship of Mother Goddess was
associated with
(1) Aryan Civilization
(2) Mediterranean Civilization
(3) Indus Valley Civilization
(4) Later Vedic Civilization

11. Alexander and Porus fought a
battle at
(1) Hydaspes (2) Jhelum
(3) Panipat (4) Tarain

12. Identify the Buddhist Literature
from the following :
(1) Tripitakas (2) Upanishads
(3) Angas (4) Aranyakas

13. Seleucus Nicator was defeated
by
(1) Asoka
(2) Chandragupta Maurya
(3) Bindu Sara
(4) Brihadratha

14. The striking feature of the
Indus Valley Civilization was
(1) Urban Civilization
(2) Agrarian Civilization
(3) Mesolithic Civilization
(4) Paleolithic Civilization

15. After Alexander’s death the
Eastern part of his empire came
under
(1) Seleucus Nicator
(2) Menander
(3) Rudradaman
(4) Kanishka

16. The early Buddhist scriptures
were composed in :
(1) Prakrit texts
(2) Pali texts
(3) Sanskrit texts
(4) Pictographical texts

17. In Mohanjadaro, the largest
building is :
(1) the great bath
(2) a granary
(3) the Pillared Hall
(4) a two storeyed house

18. The caste system of India was
created for :
(1) immobility of labour
(2) recognition of the dignity of
labour
(3) economic uplift
(4) occupational division of labour

19. Gautama Buddha was born at
(1) Kusinagar (2) Sarnath
(3) Bodh Gaya (4) Lumbini

20. Who was the mother of Mahavira?
(1) Yasoda (2) Anojja
(3) Chetaka (4) Devanandi
(3) Iron (4) Silver

Answers: 1.(1) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(1) 5.(2) 6.(3) 7.(3) 8.(4) 9.(2) 10.(3) 11.(1) 12.(1) 13.(2) 14.(1) 15.(1) 16.(2) 17.(2) 18.(4) 19.(4) 20.(1)

Explainations: 1. (1) The Satavahana kings mostly used lead as the
material for their coins. Most of their coins are in that
metal. Silver coins are very rare. Next to lead they
used an alloy of silver and copper, called “potin”. Many
copper coins are also available. Although the Satavahana coins are devoid of any beauty or artistic merit,
they constitute a valuable source-material for the dynastic history of the Satavahanas.

2. (4) The Ghadar Party, initially the Pacific Coast Hindustan Association, was formed in 1913 in the United States under the leadership of Har Dayal, with
Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president. The members
of the party were Indian immigrants, largely from
Punjab. Many of its members were students at University of California at Berkeley including Dayal, Tarak Nath Das, Maulavi Barkatullah, Kartar Singh Sarabha and V.G. Pingle. The party quickly gained support from Indian expatriates, especially in the United
States, Canada and Asia. The party was built around
the weekly paper The Ghadar, which carried the caption on the masthead: Angrezi Raj Ka Dushman (an
enemy of the British rule). The first issue of The Ghadar was published from San Francisco on November
1, 1913.

3. (3) At the time of the Buddha, Kushinagar was the
capital of the Mallas, and the scene of the Buddha’s
death. The Buddha died of old age, when he was
eighty years old. The death was triggered by his body
reaction to a dish of wild mushroom.

4. (1) Chandra Gupta II was the third, and most significant of the Gupta kings. During his reign the famous
Chinese pilgrim Fa-Hsien visited India and wrote a
detailed account of his kingdom. The celebrated Chinese pilgrim was struck with admiration by the famous royal palace and the houses for dispensing charity and medicine at Pataliputra. He speaks highly of
the system of government in the Madhya-desa and
the benevolence of the people, especially the moneyed classes.

5. (2) Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex
in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is famous for being the place where Gautama Buddha is
said to have obtained Enlightenment (Bodhimandala).
According to Buddhist traditions, circa 500 BC Prince
Gautama Siddhartha, wandering as an ascetic,
reached the sylvan banks of Falgu River, near the
city of Gaya. There he sat in meditation under a bodhi tree (Ficus religiosa). After three days and three
nights of meditation, Siddharta claimed to have attained enlightenment and insight, and the answers
that he had sought.

6. (3) Megasthenes was a Greek ethnographer and explorer in the Hellenistic period, author of the work
Indica. He was born in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey) and became an ambassador of Seleucus I of the
Seleucid dynasty possibly to Chandragupta Maurya
in Pataliputra. Megasthenes’ Indica is the first wellknown Western account of India and he is regarded
as one of the founders of the study of Indian history
in the West. He is also the first foreigner Ambassador
to be mentioned in the Indian history.

7. (3) It was during Harsha’s reign that Hiuen Tsang
came to India. He has given a vivid description of the
social, economic and religious conditions, under the
rule of Harsha spoke highly of the king.

8. (4) Vamsathapakasini is among the last Buddhist texts
produced in India. It gives us information about the
origin of the Mauryas.

9. (2) The Arthasastra is an ancient Indian treatise on
statecraft, economic policy and military strategy which
identifies its author by the names ‘Kautilya’ and ‘Vishnaugupta’, both names that are traditionally identified with Chanakya (c. 350–283 BC), who was a scholar at Takshashila and the teacher and guardian of
Emperor Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of Mauryan Empire. Because of its harsh political pragmatism, the Arthasastra has often been compared to
Machiavelli’s The Prince.

10. (3) In view of the large number of figurines found in
the Indus valley, some scholars believe that the Harappan people worshipped a Mother goddess symbolizing fertility, a common practice among rural Hindus
even today.

11. (1) The Battle of the Hydaspes River was fought by
Alexander the Great in 326 BC against King Porus of
the Hindu Paurava kingdom on the banks of the Hydaspes River (Jhelum River) in the Punjab near Bhera
in what is now modern-day Pakistan. The battle resulted in a complete Macedonian victory and the annexation of the Punjab, which lay beyond the confines of the defeated Persian Empire, into the Alexandrian Empire. The battle is historically significant for
opening up India for Greek political (Seleucid Empire, Indo-Greeks) and cultural influence (Greco-Buddhist art) which was to continue for many centuries.

12. (1) Tripitaka is a traditional term used by various
Buddhist sects to describe their various canons of
scriptures. As the name suggests, a Tripitaka traditionally contains three “baskets” of teachings: a Sutra
Pitaka, a Vinaya Pitaka and an Abhidharma Pitaka.
Tripitaka is the three main categories of texts that
make up the Buddhist canon.

13. (2) Seleucus I Nicator was a leading officer of Alexander the Great’s League of Corinth and one of the
Diadochi. In the Wars of the Diadochi that took place
after Alexander’s death, Seleucus established the
Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire. He was
defeated by the emperor of India, Chandragupta Maurya and accepted a matrimony alliance for 500 elephants after ceding the territories considered as part
of India.

14. (1) The most characteristic feature of the Harappan
Civilization was its urbanization. The cities show evidence of an advanced sense of planning and organization. The town was extremely well planned. The
street ran straight and at right angles to each other
following the grid system. The rectangular town planning was unique to the Harappans and was not known
in Mesopotamia or Egypt. The streets were very wide
and the houses built of burnt bricks lined both sides
of the street. In Egypt and Mesopotamia dried or baked
bricks were used.

15. (1) Seleucus I was a leading officer of Alexander the
Great’s League of Corinth and one of the Diadochi. In
the Wars of the Diadochi that took place after Alexander’s death, Seleucus established the Seleucid dynasty and the Seleucid Empire. His kingdom would
be one of the last holdouts of Alexander’s former empire to Roman rule. They were only outlived by the
Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt by roughly 34 years.

16. (2) Pali is the language in which the texts of the Theravada school of Buddhism are preserved. The Pali
texts are the oldest collection of Buddhist scriptures
preserved in the language in which they were written
down.

17. (2) The Great Granary of Harappa was the largest
building of the Indus Valley Civilization. It was about
45 meters long and 15 meters wide. It was meant to
store food grains. It had lines of circular brick platforms for pounding grain. There were barrack like
quarters for workmen. The granary also had smaller
halls and corridors. It was used to store surplus food
grains. There were two rows of granaries. Each row
had six granaries. A similar granary has been found
in Mohanjodaro. All the granaries were built close to
the river bank so that grains could be easily transported with the help of boats.

18. (4) The caste system is a system of division of labour
and power in human society. It is a system of social
stratification, and a basis for affirmative action. Historically, it defined communities into thousands of
endogamous hereditary groups called Jatis. The Jatis were grouped by the Brahmanical texts under the
four well-known caste categories (the varnas): viz
Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras.

19. (4) Lumbini is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Rupandehi district of Nepal. It is the place where Queen
Mayadevi gave birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who as
the Buddha Gautama founded the Buddhist tradition.
The Buddha lived between roughly 563 and 483 BC.

20. (1) Trishala was the Mother of Mahavira, the 24th
Tirthankara of Jainism, and wife of the Jain monarch, Siddartha of Kundgraam. She finds mention in
the classical Jain Agamas, the Kalpa sutra, written
by Acharya Bhadrabahu (433 – 357 BC), which is primarily a biography of the Tirthankaras.

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