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Indian History Questions for SSC CGL MTS CPO SI

In this blog post question we will be discussing on the questions that came into the exam of SSC like SSC CGL, SSC MTS, SSC CPO SI, SSC 10+2, SSC Audit, SSC SI, SSC CPO

1. Ashoka called the Third Buddhist Council at
(1) Pataliputra (2) Magadha
(3) Kalinga (4) Sarnath

2. The tutor of Alexander, the Great
was
(1) Darius (2) Cyrus
(3) Socrates (4) Aristotle

3. Which of the following literary
works belongs to classical Sanskrit literature?
(1) Dhammapada
(2) Vedas
(3) Meghadutam
(4) Dighanikaya

4. Who propounded the ‘Eight-Fold
Path’ for the end of misery of
mankind ?
(1) Mahavir
(2) Gautam Buddha
(3) Adi Shankaracharya
(4) Kabir

5. The number system ‘Zero’ was
invented by
(1) Ramanujam
(2) Aryabhatta
(3) Patanjali
(4) An unknown person

6. ‘Charak’ was the famous court
physician of
(1) Harsha
(2) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(3) Ashoka
(4) Kanishka

7. Buddhism made an important
impact by allowing two sections
of society into its fold. They were
(1) Merchants and Priests
(2) Moneylenders and Slaves
(3) Warriors and Traders
(4) Women and Sudras

8. The language used to write
source materials in ancient time
was
(1) Sanskrit (2) Pali
(3) Brahmi (4) Kharosthi

9. India’s trade with the Roman
Empire came to an end with the
invasion of Rome by the
(1) Arabs (2) Hungarians
(3) Hunas (4) Turks

10. Most of the chola temples were
dedicated to
(1) Ganesh (2) Shiva
(3) Durga (4) Vishnu

11. ‘Bull’ in Buddhism is associated
with which event of Buddha’s
life ?
(1) Birth
(2) Great departure
(3) Enlightenment
(4) Mahaparinirvan

12. Which of the following would be
the most accurate description of
the Mauryan Monarchy under
Ashoka ?
(1) Enlightened despotism
(2) Centralised autocracy
(3) Oriental despotism
(4) Guided democracy

13. The illustrious names of Aryabhatta and Varahamihir are associated with the age of the
(1) Guptas (2) Kushanas
(3) Mauryas (4) Palas

14. Lothal is a site where dockyards
of which of the following civilization were found ?
(1) Indus Valley
(2) Mesoptamian
(3) Egyptian
(4) Persian

15. ‘Buddha’ means
(1) The Enlightened one
(2) The Religious Preacher
(3) The Genius
(4) The Powerful

16. Where do you find the temple of
Angkor Wat ?
(1) In Thailand (2)In Malaysia
(3) In Cambodia (4)In Myanmar

17. Whose achievements are recorded in the Allahabad Pillar inscription ?
(1) Chandra Gupta Maurya
(2) Samudra Gupta
(3) Vikramaditya
(4) Skand Gupta

18. The essential feature of the Indus Valley Civilisation was
(1) worship of forces of nature
(2) organised city life
(3) pastoral farming
(4) caste society

19. Name the capital of the Pallavas
(1) Kanchi
(2) Vatapi
(3) Trichnapalli
(4) Mahabalipuram

20. The word ‘Veda’ means
(1) knowledge (2) wisdom
(3) skill (4) power

Answers: 1.(1) 2.(4) 3.(3) 4.(2) 5.(2) 6.(4) 7.(4) 8.(2) 9.(3) 10.(2) 11.(1) 12.(1) 13.(1) 14.(1) 15.(1) 16.(3) 17.(2) 18.(2) 19.(1) 20.(1)

Explanations:

1. (1) The Third Buddhist council was convened in about
250 BCE at Asokarama in Pataliputra, supposedly
under the patronage of Emperor Asoka. The traditional reason for convening the Third Buddhist Council is reported to have been to rid the Sangha of corruption and bogus monks who held heretical views.
It was presided over by the Elder Moggaliputta Tissa
and one thousand monks participated in the Council.

2. (4) Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a
student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great.
Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato’s teacher),
Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle’s writings were
the first to create a comprehensive system of Western philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics,
logic, science, politics, and metaphysics. Aristotle was
invited by Philip II of Macedon to become the tutor to
his son Alexander in 343 BC. Aristotle was appointed
as the head of the royal academy of Macedon. During
that time he gave lessons not only to Alexander, but
also to two other future kings: Ptolemy and Cassander. Aristotle encouraged Alexander toward eastern
conquest.

3. (3) Meghadutam (cloud messenger) is a lyric poem
written by Kalidasa, considered to be one of the greatest Sanskrit poets. In Sanskrit literature, the poetic
conceit used in the Meghadutam spawned the genre
of sandesha kavya or messenger poems, most of
which are modeled on the Meghaduta (and are often
written in the Meghaduta’s mandakranta metre)

4. (2) The Noble Eightfold Path is one of the principal
teachings of the Buddha, who described it as the way
leading to the cessation of suffering (dukkha) and the
achievement of self-awakening. It is used to develop
insight into the true nature of phenomena (or reality)
and to eradicate greed, hatred, and delusion. The Noble
Eightfold Path is the fourth of the Buddha’s Four Noble Truths; the first element of the Noble Eightfold
Path is, in turn, an understanding of the Four Noble
Truths. It is also known as the Middle Path or Middle
Way.

5. (2) The concept of zero as a number and not merely a
symbol for separation is attributed to India, where,
by the 9th century AD, practical calculations were
carried out using zero, which was treated like any
other number, even in case of division. The credit for
inventing ‘zero (0)’ goes to Indian mathematicians and
the number zero first appears in a book about ‘arithmetic’ written by an Indian mathematician ‘Brahamagupta’. Zero signifies ‘nothing’ and the current definition calls it an ‘additive identity’. The Indian mathematicians Bhaskara, Mahavira and Brahamagupta
worked on this new number and they tried to explain
its properties. It wasn’t that somebody suddenly came
up with the idea of the zero and the mathematicians
throughout the world accepted it. Around 500 AD,
Aryabhatta, an Indian mathematician, devised a numbers system and the symbol he used for the number
zero was also the number used to represent an unknown element (x).

6. (4) Charaka was one of the principal contributors to
the ancient art and science of Ayurveda, a system of
medicine and lifestyle developed in Ancient India. He
is referred to as the Father of Medicine. The life and
times of Charaka are not known with certainty. Some
Indian scholars have stated that Charaka of Charaka
Samhita existed before Panini, the grammarian, who
is said to have lived before the sixth century B. C.
Another school argues that Patanjali wrote a commentary on the medical work of Charaka. They say that if
Patanjali lived around 175 B.C., Charaka must have
lived some time before him. Another source about the
identity of Charaka and his times is provided by the
French orientalist Sylvan Levi. He discovered in the
Chinese translation of the Buddhist Tripitaka, a person named Charaka who was a court physician to the
Indo-Scythian king Kanishka, who in all probability
reigned in the second century A.D. From the above
discussion, it would seem that Charaka may have lived
between the second century B.C. to the second century A.D.

7. (4) Buddha was against caste. His religion was open
to all, to shudras, women and even repentant criminals. The Buddhist scriptures were available to all
men and women. Buddhism encouraged abolition of
distinctions in society and strengthened the principle
of social equality.

8. (2) Pali is a Middle Indo-Aryan language (of Prakrit
group) of the Indian subcontinent. It is best known
as the language of many of the earliest extant Buddhist scriptures, as collected in the Pali Canon or
Tipitaka, and as the liturgical language of Theravada
Buddhism. T. W. Rhys Davids in his book Buddhist
India, and Wilhelm Geiger in his book Pali Literature
and Language, suggested that Pali may have originated as a form of lingua franca or common language of
culture among people who used differing dialects in
North India, used at the time of the Buddha and employed by him.

9. (3) Roman trade with India started around the beginning of the Common Era following the reign of Augustus and his conquest of Egypt. Following the RomanPersian Wars Khosrow I of the Persian Sassanian
Dynasty captured the areas under the Roman Byzantine Empire. The Arabs, led by ‘Amr ibn al-’As, crossed
into Egypt in late 639 or early 640 C.E. That advance
marked the beginning of the Islamic conquest of Egypt
and the fall of ports such as Alexandria, used to secure trade with India by the Greco Roman world since
the Ptolemaic dynasty. The decline in trade saw Southern India turn to Southeast Asia for international trade,
where it influenced the native culture to a greater
degree than the impressions made on Rome. The
Hunas invaded the Roman Empire under Attila the
Hun in 454 C.E.

10. (2) Most of the Chola temples were dedicated to
Shiva. The great living Chola temples are important
Hindu kovils that were built during the 10th-12th
centuries in the South India. In all these temples, the
chief deity who has been depicted and worshipped is
Lord Shiva.

11. (1) The five great events in Buddha’s life are represented by symbols as under: (a) Birth by Lotus and
Bull, (b) Great Renunciation by Horse, (c) Nirvana by
Bodhi Tree, (d) First Sermon by Dharmachakra or
Wheel and (e) Parinirvana or death by the stupa.

12. (1) Despotism is a form of government in which a
single entity rules with absolute power. However, in
enlightened absolutism (also known as benevolent
despotism), absolute monarchs used their authority
to institute a number of reforms in the political systems and societies of their countries. During Ashoka’s reign, the Mauryan Empire was indeed the first
attempt in India to secure administrative centralization on an extended scale. Within its framework it
united a number of people and tribes. Tha nature of
the Mauryan government was enlightened despotism.
The centralized monarchy became a paternal despotism under the able guidance of Ashoka.

13. (1) The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire
which existed from approximately 320 to 550 CE and
covered much of the Indian Subcontinent. Scholars
of this period include Varahamihira and Aryabhatta,
who is believed to be the first to come up with the
concept of zero, postulated the theory that the Earth
moves round the Sun, and studied solar and lunar
eclipses. The most famous works of Aryabhatta are
the Aryabhatiya and the Arya-siddhanta. Varahamihira was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and
astrologer who lived in Ujjain. He is considered to be
one of the nine jewels (Navaratnas) of the court of
legendary ruler Vikramaditya (thought to be the Gupta emperor Chandragupta II Vikramaditya).

14. (1) Lothal is one of the most prominent cities of the
ancient Indus valley civilization. Lothal’s dock—the
world’s earliest known, connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route
between Harappan cities in Sindh and the peninsula
of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutch desert of
today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and
thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade
of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the
far corners of West Asia and Africa.

15. (1) The word Buddha is a title for the first awakened
being in an era. “Buddha” is also sometimes translated as “The Enlightened One”. As Gautam fully comprehended the Four Noble Truths and as he arose
from the slumbers of ignorance he is called a Buddha. Before His Enlightenment he was a bodhisattva
which means one who is aspiring to attain Buddhahood. He was not born a Buddha, but became a Buddha by his own efforts. Every aspirant to Buddhahood passes through the bodhisattva period — a period comprising many lives over a vast period of time.

16. (3) The temple of Angor Vat is located in Angkor, Siem
Reap Province, in Cambodia. It is the largest Hindu
temple complex in the world. The temple was built by
King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura, the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his
state temple and eventual mausoleum. Breaking from
the Shaivism tradition of previous kings, Angkor Wat
was instead dedicated to Vishnu. As the best-preserved temple at the site, it is the only one to have
remained a significant religious centre since its foundation – first Hindu, dedicated to the god Vishnu,
then Buddhist. It has become a symbol of Cambodia,
appearing on its national flag, and it is the country’s
prime attraction for visitors.

17. (2) Allahabad Stone Pillar Inscription of Samudra Gupta
is writings in stone pillar during the term of King Samudra Gupta located in Allahabad which mentioned
events during his tenure in and around his empire. It
is one of the most important epigraphic evidences of
the Imperial Guptas. Composed by Harisena, it delineates the reign of the Guptas in ancient India. Achievements of different rulers of the Gupta lineage are also
mentioned in the Allahabad Pillar Inscription. Harisena was the court poet and minister of Samudragupta.

18. (2) Among all the Bronze Age cultures, the Indus Valley civilization was the most urbanized. A sophisticated and technologically advanced urban culture is evident in the Indus Valley Civilization making them the
first urban centres in the region. The quality of municipal town planning suggests the knowledge of urban planning and efficient municipal governments.
By 2600 BCE, the Early Harappan communities had
been turned into large urban centres. Such urban
centres include Harappa, Ganeriwala, Mohenjo-Daro
in modern day Pakistan, and Dholavira, Kalibangan,
Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern day India.

19. (1) Pallavas ruled regions of northern Tamil Nadu and
southern Andhra Pradesh between the second to the
ninth century CE. Kanchipuram served as the capital
city of the Pallava Kingdom from the 4th to the 9th
century. It is also known by its former names Kanchiampathi, Conjeevaram, and the nickname “The City
of Thousand Temples’. Kanchipuram was mentioned
in the Mahabhasya, written by Patanjali in the 2nd
century BC.

20. (1) The Vedas (“knowledge”) are a large body of texts
originating in ancient India. Composed in Vedic
Sanskrit, the texts constitute the oldest layer of
Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of
Hinduism. The Vedas are apauruveya (“not of human
agency”). They are supposed to have been directly
revealed, and thus are called sruti (“what is heard”),
distinguishing them from other religious texts, which
are called smriti (“what is remembered”).

Tags: Indian History Questions for SSC, Indian History Questions for SSC CGL, Indian History Questions for SSC MTS, Indian History Questions for SSC CPO SI, Indian History Questions for SSC 10+2, Indian History Questions for SSC Audit, Indian History Questions for SSC SI, Indian History Questions for SSC CPO, Indian History Questions for Income Tax Assistant

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