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SSC CGL Previous Year Asked Questions on INDIAN ART & CULTURE

1. In which of the following dialects
Kabir wrote ?
(1) Avadhi (2) Bhojpuri
(3) Brijbhasa (4) Maithili
2. Where is “Pushkar Fair” held ?
(1) Jodhpur (2) Ajmer
(3) Jaipur (4) Udaipur
3. Which of the following is called
the storehouse of world-art collections ?
(1) National Archives of India
(2) National Museum
(3) National Modren Art Gallery
(4) Salarjung Museum
4. Who introduced the famous Persian Festival of Nauroz ?
(1) Alauddin Khalji
(2) Iltutmish
(3) Firoz Tughlaq
(4) Balban
5. Which of the following is a famous
Assamese festival ?
(1) Makar Sakranti
(2) Yugadi
(3) Onam
(4) Rongali Bihu
6. Which language is spoken by the
people of Lakshadweep?
(1) Malayalam (2) Kannada
(3) Tamil (4) Telugu
7. In which State is the religious
festival ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’ Celebrated with gusto ?
(1) Rajasthan
(2) Gujarat
(3) Maharashtra
(4) Madhya Pradesh
8. Which of the following language
has been given the status of classical language by Central Government?
(1) Gujarati (2) Tamil
(3) Marathi (4) Malayalam
9. ‘Rath Yatra’ at Puri is celebrated
in honour of
(1) Lord Rama
(2) Lord Shiva
(3) Lord Jagannath
(4) Lord Vishnu
10. The most popular festival in Tamil
Nadu is :
(1) Gudipadwa (2) Onam
(3) Bihu (4) Pongal
11. Papeti is the festival of
(1) Parsis (2) Jains
(3) Sikhs (4) Buddhists
12. Which among the following city
was given as guru dakshina by
Pandavas to Guru Dronacharya?
(1) Rawalpindi (2) Nainital
(3) Hastinapur (4) Gurgaon
13. Jalikattu is associated with which
Indian festival?
(1) Onam (2) Pongal
(3) Bihu (4) Hornbill
Answers: 1. (1) 2. (2) 3. (4) 4. (4) 5. (4) 6. (1) 7. (3) 8. (2) 9. (3) 10. (4) 11. (1) 12. (4) 13. (2)
Explainations: 1. (1) Kabir, being illiterate, expressed his poems orally
in vernacular Hindi, borrowing from various dialects
including Avadhi, Braj, and Bhojpuri. His verses often
began with some strongly worded insult to get the
attention of passers-by. Kabir has enjoyed a revival of
popularity over the past half century as arguably the
most accessible and understandable of the Indian
saints, with a special influence over spiritual traditions
such as those of Sant Mat, Garib Das and Radha
Soami.
2. (2) The Pushkar Fair, or Pushkar ka Mela, is the annual
five-day camel and livestock fair, held in the town of
Pushkar in the state of Rajasthan, India. It is one of
the world’s largest camel fairs, and apart from buying
and selling of livestock it has become an important
tourist attraction and its highlights have become
competitions such as the “matka phod”, “longest
moustache”, and “bridal competition” are the main
draws for this fair which attracts thousands of tourists.
Pushkar is a town in the Ajmer district. Pushkar is
one of the oldest existing cities of India. It lies on the
shore of Pushkar Lake. The date of its actual origin is
not known, but legend associates Lord Brahma with
its creation.
3. (4) The Salar Jung Museum is an art museum located
at Darushifa, on the southern bank of the Musi River
in the city of Hyderabad. It is the third largest museum
in India housing the biggest one-man collections of
antiques in the world. It is well known throughout
India for its prized collections belonging to different
civilizations dating back to the 1st century. Nawab
Mir Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III (1889–1949), former
Prime Minister of the seventh Nizam of Hyderabad,
spent a substantial amount of his income over thirty
five years to make this priceless collection, his life’s
passion.
4. (4) Balban’s conception of kingship was similar to that
of the theory of divine right of kings. He cast a halo of
superiority round monarchy. He introduced the system
of Nauroz to add to the dignity of his court.
5. (4) Bihu denotes a set of three different cultural festivals
of Assam. In a year there are three Bihu festivals in
Assam – in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle
of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati
(Kartik, the middle of October). The most important
and colourful of the three Bihu festival is the Spring
festival “Bohag Bihu” or Rongali Bihu celebrated in
the middle of April. This is also the beginning of the
agricultural season.
6. (1) The islanders are ethnically similar to the Malayali
people of the nearest Indian state of Kerala. Most of
the population speaks Malayalam with Mahi being the
most spoken language in Minicoy island.
7. (3) ‘Ganesha Chaturthi is the Hindu festival celebrated
on the birthday (rebirth) of Lord Ganesha, the son of
Shiva and Parvati. While celebrated all over India, it is
most elaborate in Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh,
Karnataka, Orissa and Chhattisgarh.
8. (2) In 2004, the Government of India declared that
languages that met certain requirements could be
accorded the status of a “Classical Language in India”.
Languages so far declared to be Classical are Tamil
(in 2004), Sanskrit (in 2005), Kannada and Telugu (in
2008).
9. (3) Ratha Yatra is a huge Hindu festival associated
with Lord Jagannath held at Puri in the state of Odisha.
This annual festival is celebrated on Ashad Shukla
Dwitiya (second day in bright fortnight of Ashad
month).
10. (4) The festivals of Tamil Nadu are : Pongal, Jallikattu,
Chithirai and Adipperukku.
11. (1) Papeti is one of the auspicious days of Parsi
Calendar. It stands for the new start and new
beginning. It comes in the month of Navroj by the
Parsis. On Pateti day, the Parsis visit the fire temple.
12. (4) As per legend, Gurgaon in Haryana was given as
gurudakshina to Guru Dronacharya by his students
— the Pandavas — and hence it came to be known as
Guru-gram, which in course of time is said to have
got distorted to Gurgaon. The BJP government in
Haryana renamed Gurgaon as Gurugram in April 2016.
13. (2) Jallikattu is typically practised in the Indian state
of Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on
Mattu Pongal day. It is a traditional spectacle in which
a bullis released into a crowd of people and multiple
human participants attempt to grab the large hump
of the bull with both arms and hang on to it while the
bull attempts to escape.

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