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SSC Combined Graduate Level Previous Year Asked Questions on INDIAN ART & CULTURE

1. Who amongst the following is renowned in the field of painting?
(1) Parveen Sultana
(2) Prof. T.N. Krishnan
(3) Ram Kinkar
(4) Raja Ravi Varma

2. Le Corbusier, the architect of
Chandigarh was a national of
(1) The Netherlands
(2) Portugal
(3) U.K.
(4) France

3. In which field of Art Jamini Roy
make his name ?
(1) Sculpture (2) Music
(3) Painting (4) Drama

4. Where is the Swami Narayan temple, Akshar-dham located ?
(1) Dwaraka, Gujarat
(2) Puri, Orissa
(3) Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
(4) Gandhinagar, Gujarat

5. What do the paintings of Ajanta
depict?
(1) Ramayana (2) Mahabharata
(3) Jatakas (4) Panchatantra

6. Where did the miniature paintings of Indian heritage develop?
(1) Guler (2) Mewar
(3) Bundi (4) Kishengarh

7. In which State is the folk painting ‘Madhubani’ popular ?
(1) West Bengal (2) Orissa
(3) Bihar (4) Assam

8. Who was the painter of the famous painting called – ‘Bharatmata’ ?
(1) Gaganendranath Tagore
(2) Abanindranath Tagore
(3) Nandalal Bose
(4) Jamini Roy

9. The Gandhara Art flourished
during the period of
(1) Guptas (2) Mauryas
(3) Satavahanas (4) Kushans

10. Match the Artistes and their Art
form.
Artiste
A. Amrita Shergill
B. T. Swaminathan Pillai
C. Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair
D. Padmasubramaniam
Art Form
1. Flute
2. Kathakali
3. Painting
4. Bharathanatyam
(A) (B) (C) (D)
(1) 3 1 2 4
(2) 2 3 1 4
(3) 4 2 3 1
(4) 1 4 2 3

11. Who was the pioneer of the Bengal School of Art ?
(1) Nandlal Bose
(2) B.C. Sanyal
(3) Jamini Roy
(4) Abanindranath Tagore

12. Rajasthani and Pahari schools of
art froms are famous for
(1) Music (2) Dance
(3) Sculpture (4) Painting

13. Who painted the master piece
“Hamsa Damayanti” ?
(1) Anjolie Ela Menon
(2) Abanindranath Tagore
(3) Amrita Shergill
(4) Raja Ravi Varma

14. Jamini Roy distinguished himself
in the field of
(1) Badminton (2) Painting
(3) Theatre (4) Sculpture

15. Which of the following places of
Sikh religion heritage is not in India?
(1) Nanded
(2) Keshgarh Saheb
(3) Paonta Saheb
(4) Nankana Saheb

16. Who amidst the following is renowned in the field of sculpture?
(1) Manjit Bawa
(2) Saroja Vaidyanathan
(3) Ram Kinkar
(4) Raja Ravi Varma

17. Who, amidst the following is a distinguished painter?
(1) Amrita Shergill
(2) N. Rajam
(3) Kamala Dasgupta
(4) U. Srinivas

18. What is the field in which Pradosh Dasgupta distinguished himself ?
(1) Sculpture
(2) Painting
(3) Instrumental music
(4) Hindustanic music (vocal)

19. Raja Ravi Verma of Kerala was a
distinguished
(1) dancer (2) painter
(3) poet (4) singer
(SSC Multi-Tasking Staff Exam.
10.03.2013, Ist Sitting : Patna and SSC

20. A semi-circular structure with a
dome shape roof erected over
the sacred relics of Buddha is
known as
(1) Stupas (2) Edicts
(3) Pillars (4) Monoliths

Answers: 1. (4) 2. (4) 3. (3) 4. (4) 5. (3) 6. (4) 7. (3) 8. (2) 9. (4) 10. (1) 11. (4) 12. (4) 13. (4) 14. (2) 15. (4) 16. (3) 17. (1) 18. (1) 19. (2) 20. (1)

Explainations:

1. (4) Raja Ravi Varma was an Indian painter from the
princely state of Travancore who achieved recognition
for his depiction of scenes from the epics of the
Mahabharata and Ramayana. His paintings are
considered to be among the best examples of the fusion
of Indian traditions with the techniques of European
academic art. During his lifetime Varma is most
remembered for his paintings of sari-clad women
portrayed as shapely and graceful.

2. (4)Charles-Edouard Jeanneret, better known as Le
Corbusier, was an architect, designer, urbanist, and
writer, famous for being one of the pioneers of what is
now called modern architecture. He was born in
Switzerland and became a French citizen in 1930. His
career spanned five decades, with his buildings
constructed throughout Europe, India and America.
He was awarded the Frank P. Brown Medal and AIA
Gold Medal in 1961.

3. (3) Jamini Roy was an Indian painter. His key works
were “Bride and two Companions”, 1952; and Dual
Cats with one Crayfish”, 1968. His new style was a
reaction against the Bengal School and Western
tradition. His underlying quest was threefold: to
capture the essence of simplicity embodied in the life
of the folk people; to make art accessible to a wider
section of people; and to give Indian art its own
identity. He was awarded the Padma Bhusan in 1954.

4. (4) Akshardham in Gandhinagar is one of the largest
temples in the Indian state of Gujarat. The temple
complex combines devotions, art, architecture,
education, exhibitions and research at one place which
is spread in an area of 23 acres. The temple came to
international attention when two heavily armed
terrorists attacked it in September 2002. It is a
predecessor to the Akshardham at Delhi, built by the
same religious organisation, Bochasanwasi AksharPurushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha (BAPS) led by
Pramukh Swami Maharaj. It was inaugurated on
November 2, 1992.

5. (3) The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of
Maharashtra are 30 rock-cut cave monuments which
date from the 2nd century BCE to about 500 or 600
CE. The caves include paintings and sculptures
considered to be masterpieces of Buddhist religious
art, with Buddha figures and depictions of the Jataka
tales. The caves form the largest corpus of early Indian
wall-painting. The site is a protected monument under
the Archaeological Survey of India, and since 1983,
the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage
Site.

6. (4) The art of Miniature painting was introduced to the
land of India by the Mughals, who brought the muchrevealed art form from Persia. In the sixteenth century,
the Mughal ruler Humayun brought artists from Persia,
who specialized in miniature painting. The succeeding
Mughal Emperor, Akbar built an atelier for them to
promote the rich art form. These artists, on their part,
trained Indian artists who produced paintings in a
new distinctive style, inspired by the royal and romantic
lives of the Mughals. The particular miniature produced
by Indian artists in their own style is known as Rajput
or Rajasthani miniature. During this time, several
schools of painting evolved, such as Mewar (Udaipur),
Bundi, Kotah, Marwar (Jodhpur), Bikaner, Jaipur, and
Kishangarh.

7. (3) Madhubani painting or Mithila painting is a style of
Indian painting, practiced in the Mithila region of Bihar
state, India and the adjoining parts of Terai in Nepal.
Painting is done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens,
and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments,
and is characterized by eye-catching geometrical
patterns. There are paintings for each occasion and
festival such as birth, marriage, holi, surya shasti,
kali puja, Upanayanam (sacred thread ceremony), and
durga puja.

8. (2) Bharat Mata is an epic painting by celebrated Indian
painter, Abanindranath Tagore. This painting depicts
Bharat Mata as Lakshmi, the Goddess of Plenty, clad
in the apparel of a Vaishnava nun.

9. (4) The Kingdom of Gandhara lasted from the early
1st millennium BC to the 11th century AD. It attained
its height from the 1st century to the 5th century
under the Buddhist Kushan Kings. Peshawar Valley
and Taxila are littered with ruins of stupas and
monasteries of this period. Many monuments were
created to commemorate the Jataka tales. The
Gandhara civilization peaked during the reign of the
great Kushan king Kanishka (128–151). The cities of
Taxila (Takshasila) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built.
Peshawar became the capital of a great empire
stretching from Gandhara to Central Asia. Kanishka
was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism
spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria
and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of
China. Buddhist art spread from Gandhara to other
parts of Asia.

10. (1) Amrita Sher-Gil, was an eminent Indian painter
born to a Punjabi Sikh father and a Hungarian mother,
sometimes known as India’s Frida Kahlo, and today
considered an important woman painter of 20th
century. T.N. Swaminathan Pillai was a flautist who
revolutionized the style of flute-playing. Kalamandalam
Krishnan Nair was one of the most renowned Kathakali
artists of any time, and arguably the greatest in the
history of the four-century-old classical dance-drama
from Kerala in southern India. Padma Subrahmanyam
is an Indian classical Bharathanrithyam dancer. She
is also a research scholar, choreographer, music
composer, musician, teacher and author.

11. (4) Abanindranath Tagore was the principal artist and
creator of ‘Indian Society of Oriental Art’ and the first
major exponent of swadeshi values in Indian art,
thereby founding the influential Bengal school of art,
which led to the development of modern Indian
painting. He was also a noted writer, particularly for
children. Popularly known as ‘Aban Thakur’, his books
Rajkahini, Budo Angla, Nalak, and Ksheerer Putul are
landmarks in Bengali language children’s literature.
Tagore sought to modernize Moghul and Rajput styles
in order to counter the influence of Western models of
art, as taught in Art Schools under the British Raj and
developed the Indian style of painting, later known as
Bengal school of art which was an influential art
movement and a style of Indian painting that originated
in Bengal, primarily Kolkata and Shantiniketan, and
flourished throughout India during the British Raj in
the early 20th century.

12. (4) The style of painting which flourished in Basohli,
Jammu, Garhwal, Chamba, Kangra, Guler and Mandi
in the hilly areas in the northwest has been termed
the Pahari school. The art of miniature painting in the
Punjab hills known as Pahari painting was influenced
to some extent by the Mughal painting of Aurangzeb’s
period. Scholars have categorized Pahari paintings on
the basis of geography and family style. These paintings
developed and flourished during the period of 17th to
19th century under the patronage of Rajput kings.
Indian Pahari paintings have been made mostly in
miniature forms. Developed in the 18th century, this
style is an eternal legacy of the Rajasthani style.

13. (4) Hamsa Damayanthi is an oil painting on canvas of
Raja Ravi Varma. In this painting, Princess
Damayanthi is shown talking with Royal Swan about
Nalan.

14. (2) Jamini Roy (1887-1972), one of the most celebrated
artists of modern India, is especially admired for his
painting that brought solace to the viewers in a
tormented time of history. He gave a novel and daring
direction to the art of colonial India by evolving his
idiom of expression out of Bengal’s folk painting,
discarding at once both of the dominating trends of
his days, namely, Western academicism, then insipid
and decadent, and Neo-Bengal school, which tended
to become cold and fragile. And as the time marched,
his concept of art’s agelessness has gained importance
in the context of the present generation artists’ new
search for the roots.

15. (4) Nankana Sahib is a city and capital of Nankana
Sahib District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is
named after the first guru of the Sikhs, Guru Nanak
Dev, the central figure in Sikhism who was born here,
so it is a city of high historic and religious value and is
a popular pilgrimage site for Sikhs from all over the
world. It is located about 80 kilometers south west of
Lahore.

16. (3) Ramkinkar Baij was an Indian sculptor and painter,
one of the pioneers of modern Indian sculpture.
Modern Western art and pre and post-classical Indian
art were his main point of reference. He used local
material advantageously, and worked combining the
skills of a modeller and a carver.

17. (1) Amrita Sher-Gil, was an eminent Indian painter,
some-times known as India’s Frida Kahlo, and today
considered an important woman painter of 20th century
India, whose legacy stands at par with that of the
Masters of Bengal Renaissance. She is also the ‘most
expensive’ woman painter of India. The Government
of India has declared her works as National Art
Treasures, and most of them are housed in the National
Gallery of Modern Art in New Delhi

18. (1) Born in Dacca, Pradosh Das Gupta graduated from
the Calcutta University in 1932. He took up sculpture
in the same year and received his first training in the
subject under two distinguished teachers, Mr. H. Roy
Choudhary and Mr. D. P. Roy Choudhary at Lucknow
and Madras. He had the distinction of being awarded
Guru Prasanna Ghose Travelling Scholarship by the
Calcutta University.

19. (2) Raja Ravi Varma is related to painting. He was an
Indian painter from the princely state of Travancore.
His paintings are considered to be among the best
example of the fusion of Indian traditions with the
techniques of European academic art.

20. (1) A stupa is a mound-like or semi-hemispherical structure containing Buddhist relics, typically the ashes of
Buddhist monks, used by Buddhists as a place of
meditation. As most characteristically seen at Sanchi
in the Great Stupa (2nd–1st century B.C.), the monument consists of a circular base supporting a massive
solid dome from which projects an umbrella.

 

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