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SSC Section Officer Audit Previous Year Questions

1. In which of the following styles of
dance the story/theme is always
taken from Mahabharata and Ramayana ?
(1) Odissi
(2) Bharatnatyam
(3) Kuchipudi
(4) Mohiniattam

2. Which among the following is the
popular dance form of Maharashtra’s musical theatre ?
(1) Lavini (2) Nautanki
(3) Tamasha (4) Gatha

3. In which of the gollowing we find
difference in the sounds made by
sitar and veena ?
(1) pitch
(2) quality
(3) Both (1) and (2)
(4) None of these

4. What is ‘‘Vishva Mohini’’?
(1) Name for India’s Beauty Queen
(2) The title given to Lata
Mangeshkar for her contribution to music
(3) An Indian ship
(4) A famous book on Indian
dances

5. Who amongst the following is renowned in Hindustani classical
music (vocal)?
(1) Shovana Narayan
(2) M. S. Subbalakshmi
(3) Pt. Jasraj
(4) M. S. Gopalakrishnan

6. Who among the following is not
known for popularising ‘Thumri’
form of Indian music ?
(1) Tansen
(2) Amir Khusaro
(3) Nawab Vajid Ali Shah
(4) Siddheshwari Devi

7. Which of the following is not a
stringed instrument ?
(1) Guitar (2) Sitar
(3) Trumpet (4) Violin

8. ‘Kuchipudi’ dance originated in
(1) Andhra Pradesh
(2) Karnataka
(3) Punjab
(4) Rajasthan

9. Match the artists with their art
form.
Artist Art form
(a) Jatin Das 1. Sitar
(b) Parveen 2. Painting
Sultana
(c) Pradosh 3. Hindustani
Dasgupta music (Vocal)
(d) Ustad 4. Sculpture
Vilayat Khan
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) 1 2 3 4
(2) 2 3 4 1
(3) 3 4 2 1
(4) 4 1 3 2

10. Who among the following music
composers was deaf ?
(1) Beethovan LV.
(2) Bach J.S.
(3) Richard Strauss
(4) Johannes Brahms

11. Who is considered the father of
Sahatara (Sitar) ?
(1) Mian Tansen
(2) Baiju Bawara
(3) Amir Khusro
(4) Bade Ghulam Ali Khan

12. Match the artists with their artform :
Artist Art-form
a. Pannalal 1. Painting
Ghosh
b. Pt. Bhimsen 2. Carnatic
Joshi music (vocal)
c. Anjolie Ela 3. Flute Menon
d. Madurai 4. Hindustani
Mani Iyer music (vocal)
ab c d
(1) 1 3 2 4
(2) 2 1 4 3
(3) 3 4 1 2
(4) 4 2 3 1

13. Match the artists and their artform :
Artists Artform
(a) Ustad (1) BharatAllauddin Natyam
Khan
(b) Hema (2) Sarod
Malini
(c) Birju (3) Santoor
Maharaj
(d) Pt. Shiv (4) Kathaka
Kumar dance
Sharma
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(1) 1 3 2 4
(2) 2 4 3 1
(3) 3 2 4 1
(4) 2 1 4 3

14. Which is the first colour movie
produced in India ?
(1) Madhumati
(2) Mughal-e-Azam
(3) Aan
(4) Do Bigha Zameen

15. Which is the major area where
“Garba” dance form is common?
(1) Maharashtra
(2) Gujarat
(3) Rajasthan
(4) Punjab

16. All India Radio, started its operation with its original name, Indian Broadcasting Company in :
(1) 1927 (2) 1932
(3) 1936 (4) 1947

17. Which in the following is a
stringed instrument ?
(1) Mridangam (2) Tabla
(3) Shehnai (4) Santoor

18. Which has been the field of activity of Pt. Bhimsen Joshi ?
(1) Literature
(2) Classical music (Vocal)
(3) Education (4) Journalism

19. Where did the dance form “Mohini
Attam” develop ?
(1) Manipur (2) Kerala
(3) Karnataka (4) Tamil Nadu

20. Which among the following is a
martial dance ?
(1) Kathakali
(2) Bamboo dance of Meghalaya
(3) Chhau of Mayurbhanj
(4) Bhangra of Punjab

Answers: 1. (2) 2. (1) 3. (2) 4. (2) 5. (2) 6. (2) 7. (3) 8. (1) 9. (2) 10. (1) 11. (3) 12. (3) 13. (4) 14. (*) 15. (2) 16. (1) 17. (4) 18. (2) 19. (2) 20. (3)

Explainations:

1. (2) Natya is the more dramatic element of
Bharatanatyam. Since it is almost entirely made of
hand gestures, it has been compared to sign language
but with a more stylized effect. The theme of this third
part is almost always taken from the Ramayana or the
Mahabharata. Besides, Kathakali is one of the oldest
theatre forms in the world. It is a group presentation,
in which dancers take various roles in performances
traditionally based on themes from Hindu mythology,
especially the two epics, the Ramayana and the
Mahabharata.

2. (1) Lavani s a genre of music popular in Maharashtra
and southern Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil
Nadu. Lavani is a combination of traditional song and
dance, which particularly performed to the beats of
Dholak, a percussion instrument. Lavani is noted for
its powerful rhythm and erotic sentiment. Lavani has
contributed substantially to the development of Marathi
folk theatre. In Maharashtra and southern Madhya
Pradesh, it is performed by the female performers
wearing nine-yard long saris.

3. (2) Quality is that characteristic of a musical sound
which enables us to distinguish between the sounds
produced by two different musical instruments or two
different persons although their pitch and loudness
may be same. It is because of this characteristic that
we are able to recognize the voice of a known person
over the telephone or to distinguish between the sounds
produced by different musical instruments in an
orchestra. The quality depends primarily on the
waveform of the sound.

4. (2) The title of “Vishwa Mohini” (world enchantress)
has been given to Lata Mangeshkar for her captivating
voice.

5. (2) Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi, also
known as M.S., was a renowned Carnatic vocalist.
She was the first musician ever to be awarded the
Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor. She is
the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon
Magsaysay award, Asia’s highest civilian award, in
1974 with the citation reading “Exacting purists
acknowledge Srimati M. S. Subbulakshmi as the
leading exponent of classical and semi-classical songs
in the Karnataka tradition of South India.”

6. (2) The most influential musician of the Delhi Sultanate
period was Amir Khusrau (1253–1325), sometimes
called the father of modern Hindustani classical music.
A composer in Persian, Turkish, Arabic, as well as
Braj Bhasha, he is credited with systematizing many
aspects of Hindustani music, and also introducing
several ragas such as Yaman Kalyan, Zeelaf and
Sarpada. He created the qawwali genre, which fuses
Persian melody and beat on a dhrupad like structure.
A number of instruments (such as the sitar and tabla)
were also introduced in his time. Amir Khusrau is
sometimes credited with the origins of the khyal form,
but the records of his compositions do not appear to
support this.

7. (3) The trumpet is the musical instrument with the
highest register in the brass family. Trumpets are
among the oldest musical instruments, dating back to
at least 1500 BC. They are played by blowing air
through closed lips, producing a “buzzing” sound that
starts a standing wave vibration in the air column
inside the instrument. As with all brass instruments,
sound is produced by blowing air through closed lips,
producing a “buzzing” sound into the mouthpiece and
starting a standing wave vibration in the air column
inside the trumpet.

8. (1) Kuchipudi is a Classical Indian dance from Andhra
Pradesh. It is also popular all over South India.
Kuchipudi is the name of a village in the Divi Taluka
of Krishna district that borders the Bay of Bengal and
with resident Brahmins practicing this traditional dance
form, it acquired the present name.

9. (2) Jatin Das is an Indian painter and sculptor who
was conferred Padma Bhushan in January 2012.
Begum Parveen Sultana is an Assamese Hindustani
classical singer of the Patiala Gharana. Pradosh Das
Gupta was a famous sculptor who India in the
International Sculpture Competition held in London in
1953. Ustad Vilayat Khan was one of India’s well known
sitar maestros. In 1964 and 1968, respectively, he
was awarded the Padma Shri and Padma Bhushan
awards – India’s fourth and third highest civilian
honours for service to the nation – but refused to
accept them, declaring the committee musically
incompetent to judge him.

10. (1) Ludwig van Beethoven was a German composer
and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between
the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music,
he remains one of the most famous and influential of
all composers. Around 1796, by the age of 26,
Beethoven began to lose his hearing. He suffered from
a severe form of tinnitus, a “ringing” in his ears that
made it hard for him to hear music; he also avoided
conversation. The cause of Beethoven’s deafness is
unknown, but it has variously been attributed to
typhus, auto-immune disorders (such as systemic
lupus erythematosus), and even his habit of immersing
his head in cold water to stay awake.

11. (3) Amir Khusro was an Indian musician, scholar and
poet. He was an iconic figure in the cultural history of
the Indian subcontinent. A Sufi mystic and a spiritual
disciple of Nizamuddin Auliya of Delhi, Amir Khusro
was not only a notable poet but also a prolific and
seminal musician. Amir Khusro is credited with
fashioning the tabla as a split version of the traditional
Indian drum, the pakhawaj. Popular lore also credits
him with inventing the sitar, the Indian grand lute,
but it is possible that the Khusro associated with the
sitar was Khusrau Khan, who lived in the 18th century
(he is said to be a descendant of the son-in-law of
Tansen, the celebrated classical singer in the court of
the Mughal Emperor Akbar)

12. (3) Pannalal Ghosh, also known as Amal Jyoti Ghosh,
was a Bengali Indian flute player and composer. He
was a disciple of Allauddin Khan, and is credited with
giving the flute its status in Hindustani classical music.
Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi was an Indian vocalist
in the Hindustani classical tradition. Anjolie Ela Menon
is one of India’s leading contemporary female artists.
Her paintings are in several major collections. Madurai
Mani Iyer was a Carnatic music singer, who was famous
for his unique style.

13. (4) Allauddin Khan was a Bengali sarodiya and multiinstrumentalist, composer and one of the most
renowned music teachers of the 20th century in Indian
classical music. Hema Malini is an Indian actress,
director and producer, Bharatanatyam dancerchoreographer, as well as a politician. Brijmohan
Mishra popularly known as Pandit Birju Maharaj is
currently the leading exponent of the Lucknow KalkaBindadin gharana of Kathak dance in India. Pandit
Shivkumar Sharma is an Indian Santoor player. The
Santoor is a folk instrument from Kashmir and Jammu.

14. (*) Film pioneer Ardeshir Irani, who had produced
notable films as Nala Damayanti (1920) which was
India’s first international co-production(with Italy) and
India’s first talkie Alam Ara (1931) conceived the idea
of producing a colour film. The result of his efforts
was the colour film Kisan Kanya made with the
Cinecolour process whose process rights Irani had
obtained from an American company. V. Shantaram
had earlier produced a Marathi film Sairandhri (1933)
which had scenes in colour. However, the film was
processed and printed in Germany. Kisan Kanya was,
therefore, India’s first indigenously made colour film.

15. (2) Garba is an Indian form of dance that originated in
the Gujarat region. The name is derived from the
Sanskrit term Garbha (“womb”) and Deep (“a small
earthenware lamp”). Many traditional garbas are
performed around a central lit lamp or picture/statues
of different avatars of Goddess Shakti. The circular
and spiral figures of Garba have similarities to other
spiritual dances, such as those of Sufi culture.

16. (1) In British India, broadcasting began in July 1923
with programmes by the Radio Club of Bombay and
other radio clubs. According to an agreement of 23
July, 1927, the private Indian Broadcasting Company
LTD (IBC) was authorized to operate two radio stations;
the Bombay station began on 23 July, 1927, and the
Calcutta station followed on 26 August, 1927. On 1
March, 1930, however, the company went into
liquidation. Lionel Fielden was appointed as the first
Controller of Broadcasting, who took over, from BBC.

17. (4) The Indian Santoor is an ancient string musical
instrument native to Jammu and Kashmir, with origins
in Persia. A primitive ancestor of this type of
instruments was invented in Mesopotamia (1600-911
BC). The Santoor is a trapezoid-shaped hammered
dulcimer often made of walnut, with seventy two
strings. The special-shaped mallets (mezrab) are
lightweight and are held between the index and middle
fingers. A typical Santoor has two sets of bridges,
providing a range of three octaves.

18. (2) Pandit Bhimsen Joshi was an Indian vocalist in the
Hindustani classical tradition. A member of the Kirana
Gharana (school), he is renowned for the khayal form
of singing, as well as for his popular renditions of
devotional music (bhajans and abhangs). He was the
most recent recipient of the Bharat Ratna, India’s
highest civilian honour, awarded in 2008. Bhimsen
Joshi was known for his powerful voice, amazing
breath control, fine musical sensibility and unwavering
grasp of the fundamentals, representing a subtle fusion
of intelligence and passion that imparted life and
excitement to his music.

19. (2) Mohiniattam is a classical dance form from Kerala,
one of the eight Indian classical dance forms recognized
by the Sangeet Natak Akademi. It is considered a very
graceful form of dance meant to be performed as solo
recitals by women. Mohiniattam was popularized as a
popular dance form in the nineteenth century by Swathi
Thirunal, the Maharaja of the state of Travancore
(Southern Kerala), and Vadivelu, one of the Thanjavur
Quartet. The noted Malayalam poet Vallathol, who
established the Kerala Kalamandalam dance school in
1930, played an important role in popularizing
Mohiniattam in the 20th century.

20. (3) Chhau dance is a genre of Indian tribal martial
dance which is popular in the Indian states of Orissa,
Jharkhand and West Bengal. The Chhau dance is
mainly performed during regional festivals, especially
the spring festival of Chaitra Parva which lasts for
thirteen days and in which the whole community
participates. The Chhau blends within it forms of both
dance and martial practices employing mock combat
techniques (called khel), stylized gaits of birds and
animals (called chalis and topkas) and movements
based on the chores of village housewives (called uflis).
The dance is performed by male dancers from families
of traditional artists or from local communities and is
performed at night in an open space, called akhada or
asar, to traditional and folk music, played on the reed
pipes mohuri and shehnai. A variety of drums
accompany the music ensemble including the dhol (a
cylindrical drum), dhumsa (a large kettle drum) and
kharka or chad-chadi. The themes for these dances
include local legends, folklore and episodes from the
Ramayana and Mahabharata and other abstract themes

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