1. The Treaty of Versailles humiliated
(1) Austria (2) Germany
(3) England (4) France
2. ‘Liberty, Equality and Fraternity’
is the call associated with
(1) American Revolution
(2) French Revolution
(3) Chinese Revolution
(4) Russian Revolution
3. Hitler became the Chancellor of
(1) 1930 (2) 1929
(3) 1936 (4) 1933
4. Match the following :
A. Fascism 1. Adolf Hitler
B. Democracy 2. Lenin
C. Nazism 3. Mussolini
D. Socialism 4. Woodrow
(1) A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3
(2) A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1
(3) A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2
(4) A-3, B-1, C-4, D-2
5. Name the country where the first
Industrial Revolution took place :
(1) America (2) Great Britain
(3) Germany (4) France
6. The Opium wars were fought
(1) Britain and China
(2) Britain and India
(3) India and China
(4) Britain and Japan
7. Who was the first Prime-Minister of England?
(1) Oliver Cromweli
(2) Benjamin Disraeli
(3) Robert Walpole
8. Where was St. Paul beheaded?
(1) Rome (2) Ephesus
(3) Kusadasi (4) Jerusalem
9. The British Conservative Party
was earlier known as
(1) Whigs (2) Levellors
(3) Fabians (4) Tories
10. Who said, ‘I am the State’?
(1) James II of England
(2) Napoleon I of France
(3) Louis XIV of France
(4) Hitler of Germany
11. Karl Marx lived in exile and wrote
(1) Moscow (2) London
(3) Paris (4) Stockholm
12. Napoleon-I and the Duke of
Wellington fought the famous
(1) Battle of Austerlitz
(2) Battle of Leipzig
(3) Battle of Borodini
(4) Battle of Waterloo
13. The Cremean War was fought between
(1) France and Britain
(2) Russia and Turkey
(3) France and Turkey
(4) Britain and Turkey
14. Absolute sovereign power of the
Monarch was advocated by
(1) Thomas Hobbes
(3) John Locke
(4) Karl Marx
15. Alexander the Great died in 323
(1) Persia (2) Babylon
(3) Macedonia (4) Taxila
16. When was the first of the Geneva Conventions on the treatment
of war victims adopted ?
(1) 1832 (2) 1857
(3) 1864 (4) 1909
17. Which slogan was given by the
French Revolution to the world ?
(1) Liberty, Authority, Equality
(2) Liberty, Equality, Fraternity
(3) Liberty, Law, Fraternity
(4) Tradition, Authority, Law
18. Who is the oldest British monarch to sit on the Throne?
(1) Queen Victoria
(2) Queen Elizabeth-II
(3) Queen Mary Tudor
(4) Queen Anne
19. From which city did the Russian
Revolution begin ?
(1) St. Petersburg
20. Which country emerged as the biggest colonial power at the end of
the nineteenth century ?
(1) France (2) Spain
(3) Britain (4) Germany
Answers: 1. (2) 2. (2) 3. (4) 4. (3)
5. (2) 6. (1) 7. (3) 8. (1)
9. (4) 10. (3) 11. (2) 12. (4)
13. (2) 14. (1) 15. (2) 16. (3)
17. (2) 18. (2) 19. (1) 20. (3)
1. (2) The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace
treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state
of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It
was signed on 28 June, 1919, exactly five years after
the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.
2. (2) Liberty, equality, fraternity (brotherhood)”, is the
national motto of France, and is a typical example of
a tripartite motto. Although it finds its origins in the
French Revolution, it was then only one motto among
others and was not institutionalized until the Third
Republic at the end of the 19th century.
3. (4) Adolf Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933
to 1945 and dictator of Nazi Germany from 1934 to
1945. He was at the centre of the founding of Nazism,
World War II, and the Holocaust.
4. (3) Fascism: Mussolini; Demo-cracy: Woodrow Wilson;
Nazism: Adolf Hitler; and Socialsim: Lenin.
5. (2) The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new
manufacturing processes in the period from about
1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. It began
in Great Britain and then spread to Western Europe
and the United States.
6. (1) The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese
Wars, divided into the First Opium War from 1839 to
1842 and the Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860,
were the climax of disputes over trade and diplomatic
relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and
the British Empire. The Opium Wars started China’s
“Century of humiliation”.
7. (3) Sir Robert Walpole, was a British statesman who is
generally regarded as the first Prime Minister of Great
Britain. Although the position of “Prime Minister” had
no recognition in law or official use at the time, Walpole
is nevertheless acknowledged as having held the office
de facto because of his influence within the Cabinet.
8. (1) Neither the Bible nor other sources say how or
when Paul died, but Ignatius, probably around 110,
writes that he was martyred. According to Christian
tradition, Paul was beheaded in Rome during the reign
of Nero around the mid-60s at Tre Fontane Abbey.
9. (4) Toryism is a traditionalist and conservative political
philosophy which grew out of the Cavalier faction in
the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. It is a prominent
ideology in the politics of the United Kingdom, but
also features in parts of The Commonwealth,
particularly in Canada. The Tory political faction
emerged within the Parliament of England to uphold
the legitimist rights of James, Duke of York to succeed
his brother Charles II to the throne.
10. (3) Louis XIV of France ruled as King of France and
of the Navarre from 1643. Louis established the
French absolute monarchy and made France the main
political power in Western Europe in his time. He
brought France to its peak of absolute power and his
words ‘L’etat c’est moi’ (‘I am the state’) express the
spirit of a rule in which the king held all political
authority. His absolutism brought him into conflict
with the Huguenots and the papacy, with damaging
11. (2) Karl Marx spent most of his life in exile. He was
exiled from his native Prussia in 1849 and went to
Paris, from which he was expelled a few months later.
He then settled in London, where he spent the rest
of his life in dire poverty and relative obscurity.
12. (4) The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18
June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then
part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An
Imperial French army under the command of Emperor
Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh
Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the
command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a
13. (2) The Crimean War (October 1853 – February 1856)
was a conflict between the Russian Empire and an
alliance of the French Empire, the British Empire,
the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire, and the Kingdom of
Sardinia. The war was part of a long-running contest
between major European powers for influence over
territories of the declining Ottoman Empire.
14. (1) Thomas Hobbes was a champion of absolutism for
the sovereign. According to Hobbes, society is a
population beneath a sovereign authority, to whom
all individuals in that society cede some rights for the
sake of protection. Any abuses of power by this
authority are to be accepted as the price of peace.
He, however, also developed some of the
fundamentals of European liberal thought.
15. (2) Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC, without
executing a series of planned campaigns that would
have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years
following his death, a series of civil wars tore his
empire apart, resulting in several states ruled by the
Diadochi, Alexander’s surviving generals and heirs.
16. (3) The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties,
and three additional protocols, that establish the
standards of international law for the humanitarian
treatment of war. The singular term Geneva
Convention denotes the agreements of 1949,
negotiated in the aftermath of the Second World War
(1939–45), which updated the terms of the first three
treaties (1864, 1906, 1929), and added a fourth treaty.
The First Geneva Convention (1864), for the
Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in
Armies in the Field, is one of four treaties of the Geneva
17. (2) “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” is the French motto
which came about around the time of the French
revolution. Credit for the motto has traditionally been
given to Antoine-François Momoro (1756–1794), a
Parisian printer and Hebertist organizer.
18. (2) Queen Elizabeth-II is the oldest British monarch
to sit on the throne. She ascended the throne on
February 6, 1952.
19. (1) Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1870-1924) was the founder
of modern communist Russia. He was the leader of
Soviet revolution of October 1917. He liberated the
country from the Czars and became Head of its first
Communist Government (1917 – 1924).
On March 7, 1917 workers struck work and attacked
Petrograd. Farmers revolted in the villages and the
frustrated soldiers of World War I joined the general
public to revolt against the Czar.
Petrograd is now called St. Petersburg.
20. (3) Briain emerged as the biggest colonial power at
the end of the nineteenth century.