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Union Public Service Commission Previous Years Questions on Indian Art And Culture

1. The ‘National School of Drama’ is
situated in which of the following
cities ?
(1) Mumbai (2) New Delhi
(3) Bhopal (4) Kolkata
2. With which state is the folk dance
‘Garba’ associated ?
(1) Rajasthan
(2) Gujarat
(3) Andhra Pradesh
(4) Himachal Pradesh
3. Which of the following pairs is
incorrect ?
(1) Pannalal Ghosh – Flute
(2) Guru Gopi Krishna – Kathak
(3) Nikhil Banerjee – Santoor
(4) Nandlal Bose – Painting
4. Which of the following folk dances is associated with Rajasthan?
(1) Rauf (2) Jhora
(3) Veedhi (4) Suisini
5. Which of the following folk/tribal
dances is associated with Karnataka?
(1) Yakshagana (2) Veedhi
(3) Jatra (4) Jhora
6. Which of the following folk/tribal dances is associated with Uttar Pradesh?
(1) Veedhi (2) Thora
(3) Tamasha (4) Rauf
7. Which of the following folk dances is associated’with Jammu and
Kashmir ?
(1) Jhora (2) Veedhi
(3) Rauf (4) Suisini
8. Kuchipudi is a dance-drama associated with the State of –
(1) Assam (2) Andhra Pradesh
(3) Orissa (4) Manipur
9. Of which of the following States
is Nautanki, a folk dance?
(1) Haryana (2) Uttar Pradesh
(3) Rajasthan (4) Gujarat
10. Guru Gopinath was an
exponent of
(1) Kathak (2) Kathakali
(3) Kuchipudi (4) Bharatnatyam
11. Of which of the following States
of India is Kuchipudi a dancedrama?
(1) Orissa (2) Andhra Pradesh
(3) Kerala (4) Tamil Nadu
12. With which of the following was
Satyajit Ray associated?
(1) Classical dance
(2) Journalism
(3) Classical music
(4) Direction of films
13. ‘Tabal Chongli’ is a form of fold
dance associated with the State
of :
(1) West Bengal
(2) Assam
(3) Andhra Pradesh
(4) Maharashtra
14. Who, among the following, is a
distinguished Odissi dancer?
(1) Sonal Mansingh
(2) Sanyukta Panigrahi
(3) Shovana Narayan
(4) Hema Malini
15. Which is the instrument of music in which Ustad Amajad Ali Khan
has distinguished himself?
(1) Sarod (2) Violin
(3) Sitar (4) Shehnai
16. Who amidst the following is a distinguished Tabla player?
(1) Alla Rakha
(2) Ustad Fatyaz Khan
(3) V.G. Jog
(4) Amjad Ali Khan
17. Which is the field in which Ustad Bismillah Khan has distinguished himself?
(1) Sitar (2) Guitar
(3) Shenai
(4) Hindustani (Classical-Vocal)
18. Padma Subramaniam is an
exponent of classical dance
(1) Kuchipudi
(2) Odissi
(3) Bharata Natyam
(4) Mainpuri
(SSC Combined Matric Level (PRE)
19. Which one among the following
is least like the others?
(1) Kathakali (2) Bhangra
(3) Kuchipudi
(4) Bharat Natyam
20. Pt. Shivkumar Sharma is an exponent of
(1) Tabla (2) Sarod
(3) Violin (4) Santoor
Answers: 1. (2) 2. (2) 3. (3) 4. (4) 5. (1) 6. (2) 7. (3) 8. (2) 9. (2) 10. (2) 11. (2) 12. (4) 13. (2) 14. (2) 15. (1) 16. (1) 17. (3) 18. (3) 19. (2) 20. (4)
Explainations:
1. (2) National School of Drama (NSD) is a theatre training
institute situated at New Delhi, India. It is an
autonomous organization under Ministry of Culture,
Government of India. It was set up in 1959 by the
Sangeet Natak Akademi, and became an independent
school in 1975. In 2005 it was granted deemed
university status, but in 2011 it was revoked on the
institute’s request.
2. (2) Garba is an Indian form of dance that originated in
the Gujarat region. The name is derived from the
Sanskrit term Garbha (“womb”) and Deep (“a small
earthenware lamp”).
3. (3) Nikhil Banerjee was an Indian classical sitarist of
the Maihar Gharana. In 1947 Banerjee met Ustad
Allauddin Khan, who was to become his main guru
along with his son, Ali Akbar Khan. Both were sarod
players. In an interview Nikhil said he had been
influenced by Allauddin Khan, Ali Akbar Khan, Amir
Khan, and to a lesser extent by Omkarnath Thakur,
Faiyaz Khan, Kesarbai Kerkar, and Roshanara Begum.
4. (4) Ginad, Chakri, Gangore, Terahtaal, Khayal, Jhulan
Leela, Jhuma, Suisini, etc are some of the folk dances
of Rajasthan.
5. (1) Yakshagana is a theater form that combines, dance,
music, dialogue, costume, make-up and stage
techniques with a unique style and form. This theater
style is mainly played in the coastal districts and
Malenadu regions of Karnataka, and traditionally played
for whole night, till sunrise next morning. It is believed
to have evolved from pre-classical music and theatre
during the Bhakti movement. Yakshagana is popular
in the districts of Uttara Kannada, Udupi, Dakshina
Kannada, Shimoga and Kasaragod district. Yakshagana literally means the song (gana) of a yaksha, which
was a term for exotic tribes of ancient India.
6. (2) Nautanki, Thora, Chappeli, Raslila, Kajri are some
of the famous folk dances of Uttar Pradesh.
7. (3) Rouf is the most popular dance in the Kashmir
Valley and is restricted only to the womenfolk. It is
usually performed during the harvesting season, but
the most essential occasion of its performance is the
month of Ramzan when every street and corner in
Kashmir resounds with Rouf songs and dance.
8. (2) Kuchipudi is a Classical Indian dance from Andhra
Pradesh. The performance usually begins with some
stage rites, after which each of the character comes
on to the stage and introduces him/herself with a
dharavu (a small composition of both song and dance)
to introduce the identity, set the mood, of the character
in the drama. The drama then begins. The dance is
accompanied by song which is typically Carnatic music.
The singer is accompanied by mridangam (a classical
South Indian percussion instrument), violin, flute and
the tambura (a drone instrument with strings which
are plucked). Ornaments worn by the artists are
generally made of a light weight wood called Boorugu.
It originated in the seventh century.
9. (2) Nautanki is one of the most popular folk operatic
theater performance traditions of South Asia,
particularly in northern India. Before the advent of
Bollywood (Hindi film industry), Nautanki was the
single most popular form of entertainment in the
villages and towns of northern India. Nautanki’s origins
lie in the folk performance traditions of Bhagat and
Raasleela of Mathura and Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh,
and Khayal of Rajasthan. Nautanki’s history becomes
clearer in the nineteenth century with the coming of
the printing press in India and publication of Nautanki
operas in the form of chap-books.
10. (2) Guru Gopinath was an Indian classical dancer,
Kathakali master and mentor of a relatively new
creative modern dancing style called Kerala Natanam.
He was instrumental in introducing and popularising
Kathakali, the illustrious dance drama of Kerala, lying
in obscurity, tothe outer world. He is considered one
of the epic personalities of Indian dancing in the
twentieth century like Uday Shankar. He showed how
Indian dancing could handle themes other than those
from Hindu mythology.
11. (2) Kuchipudi is the classical dance form from the
South-East Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It presents
scenes from Hindu Epics and mythological tales
through dance-dramas combining music, dance and
acting. The lyrics used in Kuchipudi are usually in
Telugu, though Sanskrit verses are also not uncommon.
While Kuchipudi, like Bharata Natyam comprises pure
dance, mime and histrionics, it is the use of speech
as well that distinguishes its presentation as dance
drama.
12. (4) Satyajit Ray was an Indian filmmaker who is
regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of 20th century
cinema. Ray’s first film, Pather Panchali (1955), won
eleven international prizes, including Best Human
Documentary at the Cannes film festival. This film,
Aparajito (1956) and Apur Sansar (1959) form The Apu
Trilogy. Ray did the scripting, casting, scoring, and
editing, and designed his own credit titles and publicity
material. Ray received many major awards in his
career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a
number of awards at international film festivals and
award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award
in 1992.
13. (2) Tabal Chongli’ is a form of folk dance associated
with the State of Assam. Other popular dance forms
of the state are Bihu, Khel Gopal, Rash Lila, Canoe,
etc.79. (4) Nankana Sahib is a city and capital of
Nankana Sahib District in the Punjab province of
Pakistan. It is named after the first guru of the Sikhs,
Guru Nanak Dev, the central figure in Sikhism who
was born here, so it is a city of high historic and
religious value and is a popular pilgrimage site for
Sikhs from all over the world. It is located about 80
kilometers south west of Lahore.
14. (2) Sanjukta Panigrahi was a dancer of India, who was
the foremost exponent of Indian classical dance Odissi.
Sanjukta was the first Oriya girl to embrace this ancient
classical dance at an early age and ensure its grand
revival. In recognition of her contribution to dancing
and associated activities, she was honoured with one
of India’s highest civilian awards the, Padma Shri
(1975). She is also recipient of the Sangeet Natak
Akademi Award in 1976.
15. (1) Amjad Ali Khan is an Indian classical musician who
plays the sarod. Khan was born into a musical family
and has performed internationally since the 1960s.
He was awarded India’s second highest civilian honor,
the Padma Vibhushan, in 2001.
16. (1) Qureshi Alla Rakha Khan popularly known as Alla
Rakha was an Indian tabla player. He was a frequent
accompanist of Ravi Shankar. He was awarded the
Padma Shri in 1977 and the Sangeet Natak Akademi
Award in 1982.
17. (3) Ustad Bismillah Khan was an Indian shehnai
maestro. He was the third classical musician to be
awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour
in India and gained worldwide acclaim for playing the
shehnai for more than eight decades.
18. (3) Padma Subrahmanyam, is an Indian classical
Bharata Natyam dancer. She is famous in India as
well as abroad: several films and documentaries have
been made in her honor by countries like Japan,
Australia and Russia. Dr. Padma has received many
awards and honors to her credit including ‘Padmashri’
in 1981, ‘Padma Bhushan’ in 2003, which are among
the highest civilian awards of India.
19. (2) Bharatnatyam is considered to be a fire-dance —
the mystic manifestation of the metaphysical element
of fire in the human body. It is one of the five major
styles (one for each element) that include Odissi
(element of water), Kuchipudi (element of earth),
Mohiniattam (element of air) and Kathakali (element of
sky or aether). The movements of an authentic
Bharatanatyam dancer resemble the movements of a
dancing flame. Bharatnatyam: Tamil Nadu; Kuchipudi:
Andhra Pradesh; and Kathakali: Kerala. Bhangra is a
north Indian dance.
20. (4) Shivkumar Sharma is an Indian Santoor player.
The Santoor is a folk instrument from Kashmir and
Jammu. He is credited with making the Santoor a

popular Classical Instrument

 

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