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World History Previous Year Asked Questions in SSC Matric Exam

These World History Questions are asked in Various SSC Exams

1. When did China start the Civil Services Examinations ?
(1) 6 A.D (2) 1905
(3) 1920 (4) 1949

2. Who was the first Calipha
(1) Sulaiman, the Great
(2) Abu Bakr
(3) Iman Hussain
(4) Constantine

3. In which country is Karabla, the
holy city of Shia Muslims
located ?
(1) Iran (2) Iraq
(3) Jordan (4) Syria

4. The city of “Tashkent” is located in
(1) Uzbekistan (2) Kazakhstan
(3) Russia (4) Kyrgystan

5. Independence movement of Vietnam was headed by
(1) Ngo Dinh Diem
(2) Zhou Enlai
(3) Pol Pot
(4) Ho Chi Minh

6. Which one country is still governed by a monarch ?
(1) Afghanistan
(2) Iran
(3) Iraq
(4) Saudi Arabia

7. Japan’s Parliament is known as
(1) Diet (2) Dail
(3) Yuan (4) Shora

8. The currency of Thailand is
(1) Bhat (2) Rupiah
(3) Yuan (4) Yen

9. 1911 Revolution of China resulted
in
(1) Establishment of a Republic
(2) Reudalism
(3) Democracy
(4) Increased problems of people

10. East Timor, in Indonesian Archipelago, was the former colony of
(1) Dutch (2) English
(3) French (4) Portuguese

11. The world’s oldest continuously
inhabited city is
(1) Jerusalem (2) Baghdad
(3) Istanbul (4) Damascus

12. Zend-Avesta is the sacred book
of the
(1) Parsees (2) Jains
(3) Jews (4) Buddhists

13. In which country the Head of the
State gets his office by the law of
hereditary succession?
(1) China (2) Sri Lanka
(3) France (4) Japan

14. The Wailing wall is situated in
(1) Berlin (2) Beijing
(3) Jerusalem (4) Tel Aviv

15. Which of the following is not a
religion developed in ancient time
(i.e. In B.C.) ?
(1) Shintoism (2) Zorostrianism
(3) Islam (4) Taoism

16. The Chinese Nationalist Party
Kuomintang was found by
(1) Pu-yi
(2) Mao Tse-tung
(3) Chiang Kai-shek
(4) Sun Yat-sen

17. The world’s first drainage system
was build by the people of
(1) Egyptian civilization
(2) Indus Valley civilization
(3) Chinese civilization
(4) Mesopotamian civilization

18. The capital of Pakistan till 1959
was
(1) Islamabad (2) Karachi
(3) Lahore (4) Hyderabad

19. Who was the chairperson of the
Chinese Communist Party at the
time of liberation of China?
(1) Zhou Enlai (2) Deng Xiaoping
(3) Mao Zedong (4) Liu Shaoqi

20. Peking is the sacred place of
(1) Taoism (2)Shintoism
(3) Confucianism (4) Judaism

Answers: 1. (1) 2. (2) 3. (2) 4. (1) 5. (4) 6. (4) 7. (1) 8. (1) 9. (1) 10. (4) 11. (4) 12. (1) 13. (4) 14. (3) 15. (3) 16. (3) 17. (2) 18. (2) 19. (3) 20. (3)

Explainations: 1. (1) One of the oldest examples of a civil service based
on meritocracy is the Imperial bureaucracy of China,
which can be traced as far back as the Qin Dynasty
(221–207 BC). During the Han Dynasty (202 BC–220
AD) the xiaolian system of recommendation by
superiors for appointments to office was established.
The civil service recruitment method and educational
system employed from the Han dynasty (206 B.C.–
A.D. 220) was abolished by the Ch’ing dowager
empress Tz’u Hsi in 1905 under pressure from leading
Chinese intellectuals. The Sui dynasty (581–618)
adopted this Han system and applied it in a much
more systematic way as a method of official
recruitment.

2. (2) Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabi) and
the father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632–634
CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following
Muhammad’s death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded
to the political and administrative functions previously
exercised by Muhammad, since the religious function
and authority of prophethood ended with Muhammad’s
death according to Islam. He was called Al-Siddiq (The
Truthful).

3. (2) Karbala is a city in Iraq, southwest of Baghdad.
The city, best known as the location of the Battle of
Karbala (680), is amongst the holiest cities for Shia
Muslims after Mecca and Medina. It is home to the
Imam Hussein Shrine. Karbala is famous as the site
of the martyrdom of Hussein ibn Ali (Imam Hussein),
and commemorations are held by millions of Shias
annually to remember it. Karbala is considered sacred
by all Shias.

4. (1) Tashkent is the capital of Uzbekistan and of the
Tashkent Province. This historic city is associated
with the Tashkent Declaration of 10 January, 1966
which was a peace agreement between India and
Pakistan after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. The
Soviets, represented by Premier Alexei Kosygin
moderated between Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur
Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub
Khan. The Tashkent conference, under UN, American
and Russian pressure, compelled Pakistan and India
to restore their national boundary and the 1949
ceasefire line in Kashmir. This eventually led to
dissatisfaction and protests against the Ayub Khan
leadership.

5. (4) Ho Chi Minh was a Vietnamese Communist dictator
who was prime minister (1945–1955) and president
(1945–1969) of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
(North Vietnam). He was a key figure in the foundation
of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as
well as the People’s Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the
Viet Cong (NLF or VC) during the Vietnam War. He
led the Viet Minh independence movement from 1941
onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic
Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French
Union in 1954 at battle of Dien Bien Phu.

6. (4) Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia, is an absolute monarchy, although,
according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted
by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with
Sharia (that is, Islamic law) and the Quran. The Quran
and the Sunnah (the traditions of Muhammad) are
declared to be the country’s constitution, but no written
modern constitution has ever been written for Saudi
Arabia, and Saudi Arabia remains the only Arab Nation
where no national elections have ever taken place,
since its creation. No political parties or national
elections are permitted.

7. (1) The Diet is Japan’s bicameral legislature. It is
composed of a lower house, called the House of
Representatives, and an upper house, called the House
of Councillors. Both houses of the Diet are directly
elected under a parallel voting system. In addition to
passing laws, the Diet is formally responsible for
selecting the Prime Minister. The Diet was first
convened as the Imperial Diet in 1889 as a result of
adopting the Meiji constitution. The Diet took its
current form in 1947 upon the adoption of the postwar
constitution and is considered by the Constitution to
be the highest organ of state power.

8. (1) Baht is the currency of Thailand. It is subdivided
into 100 satang. The issuance of currency is the
responsibility of the Bank of Thailand.

9. (1) The Xinhai Revolution, also known as the
Revolution of 1911 or the Chinese Revolution,
overthrew China’s last imperial dynasty, the Qing
Dynasty, and established the Republic of China. The
revolution was named Xinhai because it occurred in
1911, the year of the Xinhai stem-branch in the
sexagenary cycle of the Chinese calendar. January 1,
1912, was set as the first day of the First Year of the
Republic of China.

10. (4) East Timor was colonized by Portugal in the 16th
century, and was known as Portuguese Timor until
Portugal’s decolonization of the country. In late 1975,
East Timor declared its independence, but later that
year was invaded and occupied by Indonesia and was
declared Indonesia’s 27th province the following year.
In 1999, following the United Nations-sponsored act
of self-determination, Indonesia relinquished control
of the territory and East Timor became the first new
sovereign state of the 21st century on May 20, 2002.

11. (4) Damascus is often claimed to be the oldest
continuously inhabited city in the world, and evidence
exists of a settlement in the wider Barada basin dating
back to 9000 BC. However, within the area of
Damascus, there is no evidence for large-scale
settlement until the 2nd millennium BC. It has been
continuously inhabited since the Chalcolithic period.

12. (1) The Avesta is the primary collection of sacred texts
of Zoroastrianism, and is composed in the Avestan
language. The word Zend literally meaning
“interpretation”, refers to late Middle Persian language
paraphrases of and commentaries on the individual
Avestan books: they could be compared with the
Jewish Targums.

13. (4) The Emperor of Japan— defined in the Constitution
is “the symbol of the State and of the unity of the
people” (Article 1) and generally recognized throughout
the world as the Japanese head of state — is a
ceremonial figurehead with no independent
discretionary powers related to the governance of
Japan. The post is hereditary and is monarchical.

14. (3) The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) is the holiest shrine
of the Jewish world which is located in Jerusalem.
The Western Wall is part of the retaining wall
supporting the temple mount built by Herod in 20
B.C. After the destruction of the Second Temple in
70 A.D., Jews were not allowed to come to Jerusalem
until the Byzantine period, when they could visit once
a year on the anniversary of the destruction of the
Temple and weep over the ruins of the Holy Temple.
Because of this, the wall became known as the “Wailing
Wall.”

15. (3) Most religious historians view Islam as having been
founded in 622 CE by Muhammad the Prophet (peace
be upon him). He lived from about 570 to 632 CE).
The religion started in Mecca, when the angel Jibril
read the first revelation to Muhammad.

16. (3) The Kuomintang translated as the Chinese
Nationalist Party, was one of the dominant parties of
the early Republic of China, from 1912 onwards, and
remains one of the main political parties in modern
Taiwan. Its guiding ideology is the Three Principles of
the People, advocated by Sun Yat- Sen. The KMT was
founded by Song Jiaoren and Sun Yat-sen shortly after
the Xinhai Revolution. Later led by Chiang Kai-shek,
it ruled much of China from 1928 until its retreat to
Taiwan in 1949 after being defeated by the Communist
Party of China (CPC) during the Chinese Civil War.

17. (2) The Indus Valley civilization is noted for its cities
built of brick, roadside drainage system, and
multistoried houses which other Bronze Age
civilizations lacked to the extent that the Indus people
had. The Drainage System of the Indus Valley
Civilization was quite advanced. The drains were
covered with slabs. Water flowed from houses into
the street drains. The street drains had manholes at
regular intervals.

18. (2) Karachi is the largest city, main seaport and
financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of
the province of Sindh. By the time of independence
of Pakistan in 1947, Karachi was chosen as the capital
of Pakistan, which at the time included modern day
Bangladesh. In 1958, the capital of Pakistan was
moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and then in 1960,
to the newly built Islamabad.

19. (3) The Chinese Civil War was fought between forces
loyal to the government of the Republic of China led
by the Kuomintang and forces of the Communist Party
of China in April 1927. Mao Zedong was the leader of
the Chinese Communist Party.

20. (3) Peking (Beijing) is the sacred place of
Confucianism. It was founded by King Fu Tsu, better
known as Confucius, in 500 BC. Its sacred text is
‘The Analects’.

Tags: World History Questions for SSC, World History Questions for SSC CGL, World History Questions for SSC MTS, World History Questions for SSC CPO SI,World History Questions for SSC CPO, World History Questions for SSC SI, World History Questions for SSC CHSL

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