World History Previous Year for UPSC Civil Service Exam

These World History Questions will be benefical for those who are preparing for UPSC Civil Services Exam.

1. On which side did Japan fight in
the First World War ?
(1) none, it wag neutral
(2) with Germany against United
(3) against Russia on its own
(4) with United Kingdom against

2. Indonesia was a colony of which
of the following countries?
(1) Dutch (2) Spain
(3) Portugal (4) Belgium

3. The Great Wall of China was
built by
(1) Li-tai-pu (2) Shih Huang-ti
(3) Lao-tze (4) Confucius

4. The Crimean War in 1854–1856
was fought between
(1) Russia and Turkey
(2) USA and England
(3) Russia and Japan
(4) England and France

5. Bangladesh was created in –
(1) 1970 (2) 1972
(3) 1973 (4) 1971

6. Taoism, is an ancient tradition
of Philosophy and religious belief deeply rooted in
(1) Taiwanese custom and world
(2) Chinese custom and world
(3) Japanese custom and world
(4) Vietnamese custom and
world view

7. Synagogue is the place of worship of
(1) Zoroastrianism
(2) Taoism
(3) Judaism
(4) Shintoism

8. Japanese folk tradition and ritual,
with no founder or single sacred
scripture, is popularly known as
(1) Taoism
(2) Zoroastrianism
(3) Shintoism
(4) Paganism

9. During the reign of which dynasty was the Great Wall of China
(1) Sung (2) Tang
(3) Han (4) Chin

Answers: 1. (4) 2. (1) 3. (2) 4. (1) 5. (4) 6. (2) 7. (3) 8. (3) 9. (4)

Explainations: 1. (4) The First World War involved all the world’s great
powers, which were assembled in two opposing
alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of
the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the
Central Powers (originally the Triple Alliance of
Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy). These alliances
were both re-organized and expanded as more nations
entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States
joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and
Bulgaria the Central Powers.

2. (1) The Dutch East Indies was a Dutch colony that
became modern Indonesia following World War II. It
was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch
East India Company, which came under the
administration of the Dutch government in 1800. This
colony which later formed modern-day Indonesia was
one of the most valuable European colonies under
the Dutch Empire’s rule, and contributed to Dutch
global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in
19th to early 20th century.

3. (2) Shih Huang Ti (259 – 210 BC) was the first ruler to
unify all of China. His public works projects included
the unification of diverse state walls into a single Great
Wall of China and a massive new national road system, as well as the city-sized mausoleum guarded by
the life-sized Terracotta Army.

4. (1) The Crimean War (October 1853–February 1856),
also known as Eastern War, was fought mainly on the
Crimean Peninsula between the Russians and the
British, French, and Ottoman Turkish and Sardinia.
The immediate cause involved the rights of Christian
minorities in the Holy Land, which was controlled by
the Ottoman Empire.

5. (4) Modern Bangladesh came into being on March 26,
1971 when it proclaimed Declaration of Independence
from Pakistan. It was followed by Bangladesh-India
Allied Forces defeating the Pakistan Army, culminating in its surrender and the Liberation of Dhaka on
16 December 1971. On 17 December 1971, the nation of Bangla Desh was finally established.

6. (2) Taoism is an ancient tradition of philosophy and
religious belief that is deeply rooted in Chinese customs and worldview. It originated in China 2000 years
ago. Taoist ideas have become popular throughout the
world through Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and various
martial arts.

7. (3) Synagogueis a Jewish house of prayer. In Judaism
(the religion, philosophy, culture and way of life of the
Jewish people), synagogues are consecrated spaces
used for the purpose of prayer, Torah reading, study
and assembly; however, a synagogue is not necessary
for worship.
28. (3) Shinto is a Japanese folk tradition and ritual, with
no founder or single sacred scripture. It focuses on
ritual practices to be carried out diligently, to estab-
lish a connection between present-day Japan and its
ancient past. Shinto is the largest religion in Japan,
practiced by nearly 80% of the population.

9. (4) The Great Wall of China was mainly built during
the reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, along the country’s northern border to prevent the invasion of
Huns.Qin Shi Huangwas the founder of the Qin (Chin)
dynasty and was the first emperor of a unified China
in 221 B.C. Later the Han (202 B.C – 220 A.D), the
Northern Qi (550–574), the Sui (589–618), and particularly the Ming (1369–1644) were among those that
rebuilt, re-manned, and expanded the Walls.

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