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World History Questions Asked in UPSC Civil Service Exams

These world History Questions have been asked in UPSC Civil Service Exams but all these World History questions are also beneficial for those who are preparing for Government Jobs like Patwari, Railways, SSC Exams, State Government Jobs, State SSC, State Civil Service Exams

1. The chief advocate of Fascism
was :
(1) Mussolini (2) Adolf Hitler
(3) St. Simon (4) Robert Owen
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 04.07.1999
(Second Sitting)
2. Whose teachings inspired the
French Revolution?
(1) Locke (2) Rousseau
(3) Hegel (4) Plato
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 27.02.2000
(Second Sitting)
3. Which two countries were involved in a Hundred Years
War ?
(1) Turkey and Austria
(2) England and France
(3) Palestine and Israel
(4) Germany and Russia
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 08.02.2004
(First Sitting)
4. Waterloo is located in
(1) England (2) France
(3) Spain (4) Belgium
(SSC CPO Sub- Inspector
Exam. 05.09.2004)
5. Who is known as the “Lady with
the Lamp” ?
(1) Joan of Arc
(2) Helen Keller
(3) Florence Nightingale
(4) Sarojini Naidu
(SSC CPO Sub- Inspector
Exam. 05.09.2004 and SSC
Multi-Tasking Staff Exam. 10.03.2013,
Ist Sitting : Patna))
6. ‘Anti Semitism’ to Adolf Hitler
meant
(1) Anti Black policy
(2) Anti Jewish policy
(3) Anti Protestant policy
(4) Anti German policy
(SSC Section Officer (Audit)
Exam. 05.06.2005)
7. In Greek mythology, Apollo is the
god of what ?
(1) Prophecy (2) Medicine
(3) Love (4) Peace
(SSC Section Officer (Audit)
Exam. 05.06.2005)
8. Who is the Duchess of Cornwall ?
(1) Diana (2) Camilla
(3) Anne (4) Margaret
(SSC Statistical Investigators
Grade–IV Exam. 31.07.2005)
9. The ideology of fascism developed
in
(1) Germany (2) Japan
(3) Italy (4) Russia
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(First Sitting)
10. Who among the following is referred to as ‘Desert Fox’ ?
(1) Lord Wavell
(2) Gen. Eisenhover
(3) Gen. Rommel
(4) Gen. McArthur
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 13.11.2005
(Second Sitting)
11. Which of the following group of
thinkers influenced Fascism ?
(1) Plato, Machiavelli and Herbet
Spencer
(2) Aristotle, St. Augustine and
T.H. Green
(3) Kant, Fichte, Hegel and
Rosenberg
(4) Karl Marx, Engels and Lenin
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise) Exam. 11.12.2005)
12. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer from the
code given below the Lists :
List-I (Names)
a. Hobbes
b. Rousseau
c. Locke
d. Hitler
List-II (Events)
1. French Revolution
2. Glorious Revolution
3. Execution of Charles I
4. Second World War
Code :
(1) a b c d
2 3 14
(2) a b c d
3 1 24
(3) a b c d
1 4 23
(4) a b c d
1 2 43
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise Exam. 12.11.2006)
13. The United Kingdom is a classic
example of a/an
(1) aristocracy
(2) absolute monarchy
(3) constitutional monarchy
(4) polity
(SSC Section Officer (Commercial Audit)
Exam. 30.09.2007 (Second Sitting)
14. With the fall of which among the
following, the French Revolution
began ?
(1) Bastille (2) Communes
(3) Jacobin Club (4) Pillnitz
(SSC Tax Assistant (Income Tax &
Central Excise) Exam. 25.11.2007)
15. The island of Corsica is associated with
(1) Mussolini
(2) Hitler
(3) Napolean Bonaparte
(4) Winston Churchill
(SSC CPO Sub-Inspector
Exam. 16.12.2007)
16. In which of the following wars,
were the French completely defeated by the English ?
(1) Battle of Wandiwash
(2) Battle of Buxar
(3) Battle of Plassey
(4) Battle of Adyar
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Prelim Exam. 27.07.2008 (Second
Sitting)
17. Marx belonged to
(1) Germany (2) Holland
(3) France (4) Britain
(SSC Combined Graduate Level
Tier-I Exam. 16.05.2010 (Second
Sitting)
18. The Industrial Revolution in England represented the climax of
the transition from
(1) slavery to feudalism
(2) feudalism to capitalism
(3) capitalism to socialism
(4) socialism to market socialism
(SSC CISF ASI Exam. 29.08.2010
(Paper-1)
19. When did the Soviet Union disintegrate into 15 independent Republics ?
(1) 1990 (2) 1991
(3) 1992 (4) 1993
(SSC CISF ASI Exam. 29.08.2010
(Paper-1)
20. Where did the practice of ‘Shadow
Cabinet’ originate ?
(1) United States of America
(2) Great Britain
(3) Italy
(4) France

Answers: 1. (1) 2. (2) 3. (2) 4. (4) 5. (3) 6. (2) 7. (1) 8. (2) 9. (3) 10. (3) 11. (1) 12. (2 13. (3) 14. (1) 15. (3) 16. (1) 17. (1) 18. (2) 19. (2) 20. (2)

Explainations: 1. (1) Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician who led
the National Fascist Party, ruling the country from
1922 to his ousting in 1943, and is credited with
being one of the key figures in the creation of fascism,
a radical authoritarian nationalist political ideology.
Originally a member of the Italian Socialist Party and
editor of the Avanti! from 1912 to 1914, Mussolini
fought in World War I as an ardent nationalist and
created the Fasci di Combattimento in 1919, catalyzing
his nationalist and socialist beliefs in the Fascist
Manifesto, published in 1921.
2. (2) Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Genevan
philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th-century
Romanticism of French expression. His political
philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well
as the overall development of modern political,
sociological and educational thought. During the period
of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most
popular of the philosophers among members of the
Jacobin Club. Rousseau, a Freemason, was interred
as a national hero in the Pantheon in Paris, in 1794,
16 years after his death.
3. (2) The Hundred Years’ War was a series of conflicts
waged from 1337 to 1453 between the Kingdom of
England and the Kingdom of France and their various
allies for control of the French throne. It was the
result of a dynastic disagreement dating back to
William the Conqueror who became King of England
in 1066, while remaining Duke of Normandy. The
war owes its historical significance to a number of
factors. Although primarily a dynastic conflict, the
war gave impetus to ideas of both French and English
nationalism. Militarily, it saw the introduction of new
weapons and tactics which eroded the older system
of feudal armies dominated by heavy cavalry in Western
Europe.
4. (4) The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18
June 1815 near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then
part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. An
Imperial French army under the command of Emperor
Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh
Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Allied army under the
command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a
Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von
Blucher. It was the culminating battle of the Waterloo
Campaign and Napoleon’s last.
5. (3) Florence Nightingale was a celebrated English
nurse, writer and statistician. She came to prominence
for her pioneering work in nursing during the Crimean
War, where she tended to wounded soldiers. She was
dubbed “The Lady with the Lamp” after her habit of
making rounds at night. Nightingale laid the foundation
of professional nursing with the establishment, in
1860, of her nursing school at St Thomas’ Hospital in
London, the first secular nursing school in the world.
6. (2) Anti-Semitism is suspicion of, hatred toward, or
discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to
their Jewish heritage. Social scientists consider it a
form of racism. Anti-Semitism may be manifested in
many ways, ranging from expressions of hatred of or
discrimination against individual Jews to organized
violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military
attacks on entire Jewish communities. Extreme
instances of persecution include the pogroms which
preceded the First Crusade in 1096, the expulsion
from England in 1290, the massacres of Spanish Jews
in 1391, the persecutions of the Spanish Inquisition,
the expulsion from Spain in 1492, Cossack massacres
in Ukraine, various pogroms in Russia, the Dreyfus
affair, the Final Solution by Hitler’s Germany, official
Soviet anti-Jewish policies and the Jewish exodus from
Arab and Muslim countries.
7. (1) Apollo is one of the most important and complex of
the Olympian deities in ancient Greek and Roman
religion, Greek and Roman mythology, and Greco–
Roman Neo-paganism. The ideal of the kouros (a
beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously
recognized as a god of light and the sun, truth and
prophecy, healing, plague, music, poetry, and more.
As the patron of Delphi, Apollo was an oracular god—
the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine
and healing are associated with Apollo, whether
through the god himself or mediated through his son
Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who
could bring ill-health and deadly plague.
8. (2) Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall GCVO is the second
wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and member of the
British Royal Family. By her second marriage she
shares her husband’s titles as Duchess of Cornwall,
Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester and
Baroness of Renfrew. Although she is the Princess of
Wales because of her marriage to the Prince of Wales,
she prefers to be known by the secondary title of
Duchess of Cornwall (Duchess of Rothesay in Scotland)
out of respect for her husband’s first wife, the late
Diana, Princess of Wales.
9. (3) Fascism was founded during World War I by Italian
national syndicalists who combined left-wing and rightwing political views. Fascists have commonly opposed
having a firm association with any section of the leftright spectrum, considering it inadequate to describe
their beliefs, though fascism’s goal to promote the
rule of people deemed innately superior while seeking
to purge society of people deemed innately inferior is
identified as a prominent far-right theme. Fascism
opposes multiple ideologies: conservatism, liberalism,
and two major forms of socialism — communism and
social democracy
WORLD HISTORY
SGAE–181
10. (3) Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel, popularly known
as the Desert Fox, was a German Field Marshal of
World War II. He won the respect of both his own
troops, and the enemies he fought. He was a highly
decorated officer in World War I, and was awarded
the Pour le Merite for his exploits on the Italian front.
In World War II, he further distinguished himself as
the commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the
1940 invasion of France. However, it was his
leadership of German and Italian forces in the North
African campaign that established the legend of the
Desert Fox. He is considered to have been one of the
most skilled commanders of desert warfare in the
conflict
11. (1) Early influences that shaped the ideology of fascism
have been dated back to ancient Greece. In The
Republic, Plato emphasized the need for absolute and
unlimited authority of a philosopher king in an ideal
state. There were a number of influences on fascism
from the Renaissance era in Europe. Niccolo
Machiavelli is known to have influenced Italian
Fascism, particularly his promotion of the absolute
authority of the state. Machiavelli rejected all existing
traditional and metaphysical assumptions of the time—
especially those associated with the Middle Ages, and
asserted as an Italian patriot that Italy needed a strong
and all-powerful state led by a vigorous and ruthless
leader who would conquer and unify Italy. Spencer
developed an all-embracing conception of evolution
as the progressive development of the physical world,
biological organisms, the human mind, and human
culture and societies. He was “an enthusiastic
exponent of evolution” and even “wrote about evolution
before Darwin did.
12. (2) Leviathan (1651) was the most celebrated work of
Hobbes which was finished in 1651, after the
execution of Charles I, and was printed in London.
Hobbes presented Charles II, who was in exile in
Paris, with a specially bund copy. Rousseau’s political
philosophy influenced the French Revolution as well
as the overall development of modern political,
sociological and educational thought. John Locke
widely known as the Father of Classical Liberalism,
was an English philosopher and physician regarded
as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers.
Considered one of the first of the British empiricists,
following the tradition of Francis Bacon, he is equally
important to social contract theory. Locke wrote the
Two Treatises of Government to defend the Glorious
Revolution of 1688. Adolf Hitler was chancellor of
Germany from 1933 to 1945 and dictator of Nazi
Germany from 1934 to 1945. He was at the centre of
the founding of Nazism, the start of World War II, and
the Holocaust.
13. (3) Constitutional monarchy is a form of government
in which a monarch acts as head of state within the
parameters of a constitution, whether it be a written,
uncodified, or blended constitution. Most
constitutional monarchies employ a parlia-mentary
system in which the monarch may have strictly
ceremonial duties or may have reserve powers,
depending on the constitution. Under most modern
constitutional monarchies there is also a prime minister
who is the head of government and exercises effective
political power. In Britain, the Glorious Revolution of
1688 led to a constitutional monarchy restricted by
laws such as the Bill of Rights 1689 and the Act of
Settlement 1701, although limits on the power of the
monarch are older than that.
14. (1) The storming of the Bastille occurred in Paris,
France on the morning of 14 July 1789. The medieval
fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille
represented royal authority in the centre of Paris.
While the prison only contained seven inmates at the
time of its storming, its fall was the flashpoint of the
French Revolution. The storming of the Bastille and
the subsequent Declaration of the Rights of Man and
of the Citizen was the third event of this opening stage
of the revolution. The first had been the revolt of the
nobility, refusing to aid King Louis XVI through the
payment of taxes. The second had been the formation
of the National Assembly and the Tennis Court Oath.
15. (3) Corsica is a French island in the Mediterranean
Sea. It is located west of Italy, southeast of the French
mainland, and north of the Italian island of Sardinia.
The French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was born
in 1769 in the Corsican capital of Ajaccio. His ancestral
home, Casa Bonaparte, is today used as a museum.
16. (1) The Battle of Wandiwash was a decisive battle in
India during the Seven Years’ War. The Count de Lally’s
army, burdened by a lack of naval support and funds,
attempted to regain the fort at Vandavasi near
Pondicherry. He was attacked by Sir Eyre Coote’s
forces and decisively defeated. The French general
Marquis de Bussy-Castelnau and the French were
then restricted to Pondicherry, where they
surrendered on 16 January 1761. This was the Third
Carnatic War fought between the French and the
British. After making substantial gains in Bengal and
Hyderabad, the British, after collecting huge amount
of revenue, were fully equipped to face the French in
Wandiwash. Thus, they defeated the French
comprehensively in this Battle.
17. (1) Karl Heinrich Marx was a German philosopher,
economist, sociologist, historian, journalist, and
revolutionary socialist. His ideas played a significant
role in the development of social science and the
socialist movement. Revolutionary socialist
governments espousing Marxist concepts took power
in a variety of countries in the 20th century, leading
to the formation of such socialist states as the Soviet
Union in 1922 and the People’s Republic of China in
1949. Many labor unions and workers’ parties
worldwide were also influenced by Marxist ideas, while
various theoretical variants, such as Leninism,
Stalinism, Trotskyism, and Maoism, were developed
from them.
WORLD HISTORY
SGAE–182
18. (2) Capitalism in Europe was preceded by feudalism.
Karl Marx saw the Industrial Revolution as the climax
of shift from feudalism to capitalism. The shift took
in form of the change in mode of production and the
alterations that it brought in class relations.
19. (2) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics of Soviet
Union was a constitutionally socialist state that existed
between 1922 and 1991, ruled as a single-party state
by the Communist Party with its capital as Moscow.
On 25 December, 1991, the USSR was dissolved into
15 post-Soviet states. The Russian Federation,
successor of the Russian SFSR, assumed the Soviet
Union’s rights and obligations and is recognised as
its continued legal personality.
20. (2) The Shadow Cabinet is a senior group of opposition
spokespeople in the Westminster system of
government who together under the leadership of the
Leader of the Opposition form an alternative cabinet
to the government’s, whose members shadow or mark
each individual member of the Cabinet. Members of
a shadow cabinet are often but not always appointed
to a Cabinet post if and when their party gets into
government. In the United Kingdom and Canada the
major opposition party and specifically its shadow
cabinet is called His or Her Majesty’s Loyal Opposition

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